Facts About the Philippines: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Jennifer Lowery

Jennifer has taught elementary levels K-3 and has master's degrees in elementary education and curriculum/instruction and educational leadership.

The Philippines is an island country located in Asia. In this lesson, learn about the country's history, geography, wild plant and animal life, and culture.

Islands in the Pacific

In your mind, visualize what an island looks like. Now, multiply that by over 7,000 and you've got the country of the Philippines! This nation is located in the Pacific Ocean and is part of the continent of Asia.

Because the Philippines is a group of many islands, it is an archipelago. Many of these islands are uninhabited, which means no people live on them. Manila is the capital city of the Philippines, but the largest city is actually Quezon City.

The Philippines is a country of over 7,000 islands located in the Pacific Ocean.
Satellite image of Philippines

History of the Country

A Portuguese explorer named Ferdinand Magellan first landed on the Philippine archipelago in the early 1600s. Later, the islands were colonized by Spain and given the name 'Philippines' in honor of King Phillip II. In the late 1800s, there was a revolution in the country, and Spain was involved in the Spanish-American War. After the war was over, the Philippines was controlled by the United States.

During World War II, the Philippines was attacked by the Japanese. In 1946, the country became an independent nation. Now citizens of the Philippines elect their leaders in a democratic government.

Geography and Climate

The thousands of islands that make up the Philippines were created by volcanic activity many years ago. Some of the volcanoes are still active now, including Mount Pinatubo. This volcano erupted in 1991 and was a devastating natural disaster for the country.

Because of the volcanoes, much of the Philippines is very mountainous. You might think it is hard to grow crops here. To fix this problem, farmers often terrace the land. Terracing is when the land is carved into what looks like stairs, and crops can grow on the flat areas that have been created. Terracing allows agriculture to be a big part of the Philippine economy.

Crops such as rice can grow on terraced mountains.
Rice terraces on mountains

Diverse Wildlife

All kinds of unique plant and animal life can be found in the Philippines! Unfortunately, many of these species are becoming endangered because of the destruction of the country's forests.

Despite the destruction, the Philippines is home to animals like the pangolin, an anteater with scales all over its body! Many other mammals live on the islands, including water buffalo. One animal, the tamarau, is only found on one island in the whole country.

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