Copyright

Family Educational Rights & Privacy Act (FERPA) Provisions

Instructor: Kerry Gray

Kerry has been a teacher and an administrator for more than twenty years. She has a Master of Education degree.

In this lesson, we will discuss the provisions of the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974 (FERPA) to provide teachers with the information they need to protect themselves and their students.

What is FERPA?

The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974 (FERPA) guarantees that parents and students have a reasonable right to privacy. Privacy is freedom from having personal information shared with others. When a student reaches 18 years of age, the student has rights to his own educational records. Until that time, parents or legal guardians maintain the rights that are provided according to FERPA. Let's learn more about the provisions of FERPA.

Provisions of FERPA

FERPA legally outlines who has the right to obtain information about a student and provides guidelines for making changes to records.

Access to Records

Who has access to student records? Parents or legal guardians retain all rights on behalf of their child until the student reaches the age of eighteen, and then rights are transferred to the child. According to FERPA, parents and students have the right to review the student's educational records. Schools may charge a fee to make copies. Student records may include: report cards, disciplinary records, transcripts, class schedules, and contact information.

Limiting Access to Records

Schools must have written permission from the parent (or student over 18 years old) to release records, except to school officials with legitimate interest. Others who may review school records include:

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