Famous American Artists: Names & Paintings

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  • 0:04 Background
  • 0:39 Emmanuel Gottlieb Leutze
  • 1:29 Winslow Homer
  • 1:57 Grant Wood
  • 2:54 Georgia O'Keeffe
  • 3:45 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Summer Stewart

Summer has taught creative writing and sciences at the college level. She holds an MFA in Creative writing and a B.A.S. in English and Nutrition

Emanuel Gottlieb Leutze, Winslow Homer, Grant Wood, and Georgia O'Keeffe are famous American artist who have made a significant contribution to American art. In this lesson, we will look at each artist and their work.

Background

It's not a secret that art has been a significant piece of American history, but just who are some of America's famous artists? The artwork of Emanuel Gottlieb Leutze, Winslow Homer, Grant Wood, and Georgia O'Keeffe have impacted the lives of Americans for generations. From the beginning of American history with Emanuel Gottlieb Leutze's painting of George Washington to Georgia O'Keeffe's Impressionist landscape paintings, these artists have helped shape American art. In this lesson, we'll learn about each of these artists and take a look at some of their best pieces of art.

Emanuel Gottlieb Leutze

Emanuel Gottlieb Leutze is one of America's most famous artists. His painting, Washington Crossing the Delaware, was painted in 1851 and depicts George Washington crossing the Delaware river during the Revolutionary War. This painting is a symbol of American patriotism, but the funny thing about that painting was that it was supposed to inspire the Germans.

Leutze lived in America during his childhood before returning to Germany to attend school in 1851. He was heavily influenced by American history, and it showed in his paintings. During the 20 years that he spent in Germany, his paintings were interpretations of America. He returned to America, and, in 1860, he was asked to paint the stairway at the Capitol in Washington, D.C. What resulted was the famous painting, Westward the Course of Empire Takes Its Way.

Winslow Homer

Winslow Homer was an American painter born in Massachusetts in 1838. His oil paintings of marine environments are the most popular ones. For example, Sunset Fires, is one of his best-known paintings. Winslow was an expert at sketching, watercolor, and oil paintings. On the surface, many of his paintings are remarkably simple, but upon further investigation, it's clear that Winslow's paintings look at the struggle of human existence in such a large environment.

Grant Wood

Grant Wood was an American painter who was an advocate and member of the Midwestern Regionalism movement. Midwestern Regionalism was an art movement of the 1930s that was concerned with painting realistic interpretations of the American Midwest. In Wood's early years, he painted in an impressionistic manner, but abandoned it for a more realistic interpretation of life after he made a trip to Germany. He developed a skill to paint with incredibly sharp lines and details that inhabit his most famous paintings.

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