Sarah has taught elementary education for 10 years and has a master's degree in Education Leadership.
Famous Ancient Greeks
How would you feel if you were able to hang out with some of the smartest people in the world? What if the president taught you math, or the founder of Apple taught you how to use a computer? In Ancient Greece, there were many people who were so smart that they are still famous today.
A philosopher is someone who studies the world around them. They are often known as people who seek out wisdom and who others look to for advice. The following three Greek philosophers were the most famous of their time.
- Socrates was the original Greek philosopher. He studied how a person should live and believed strongly in honesty. He was famous for learning by asking multiple questions and studying the answers. The questions he asked were systematic and focused on specific theories or problems.
- Plato studied with Socrates when he was young. He was very interested in learning about the meaning of justice. Plato was famous for writing about how the government should work. He also started his own school.
- Aristotle was a student at Plato's school. He learned mainly through making observations of the world around him. He loved all aspects of science and was known to dissect animals to better understand how they worked.
In Ancient Greece, plays were the most popular entertainment in cities. During this time, there were three great Greek tragedian playwrights. A tragedian playwright is a person who writes plays about tragedies.
- Aeschylus's plays often had a moral or religious emphasis. Only seven of this amazing writer's 70-plus plays have survived today.
- Sophocles is famous for writing Oedipus the King. In this play, he writes about a man who, without knowing, kills his father and marries his mother.
- Euripides is the third great playwright of this time. His plays focused on being skeptical of Greek religion. He believed that the gods did not care what humans were doing and they should just live their lives.
I bet you already know at least one of these famous Greek poets. Have you ever heard of ''The Tortoise and the Hare'' or ''The Fox Without a Tail''? These are two of Aesop's Fables. Aesop was a legendary poet who wrote hundreds of fables that taught the reader a life lesson, or moral.
Homer is also a Greek poet that is still studied today. He wrote epic poems that were hundreds of lines long. He is famous for writing the Iliad and Odyssey, which describe the events leading up to the Trojan War, as well as the details of the war and the events after.
Back in the 300s BC, Greece was a very strong country. They were so impressive because they had a fearless leader, Alexander the Great. Aristotle tutored Alexander so not only was he strong and brave, but also smart. Alexander expanded the Greek empire to include what is now part of Asia, Turkey, Syria, Egypt, and Persia.
Another strong Greek leader was Solon. Solon was a very intelligent man who was part of the political scene in Ancient Greece. He is credited for laying the foundations and ideas for democracy. It is pretty cool that someone from so long ago still has influence in our lives today.
There were many famous Ancient Greeks that contributed to the Greek civilization. The philosophers helped with in-depth learning, the playwrights gave the people entertainment, the poets helped record history, and the leaders expanded the nation. These people even helped influence our world today.
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Famous Ancient Greeks Lesson for Kids Quiz
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How did Socrates learn about the world?
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