Famous Ancient Greeks Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Sarah Meers

Sarah has taught elementary education for 10 years and has a master's degree in Education Leadership.

In this lesson, you will learn about many famous Ancient Greeks. These amazing philosophers, playwrights, poets, and mathematicians helped humans better understand the world and shape civilization hundreds of years ago.

Famous Ancient Greeks

How would you feel if you were able to hang out with some of the smartest people in the world? What if the president taught you math, or the founder of Apple taught you how to use a computer? In Ancient Greece, there were many people who were so smart that they are still famous today.


A philosopher is someone who studies the world around them. They are often known as people who seek out wisdom and who others look to for advice. The following three Greek philosophers were the most famous of their time.

Busts of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle

  • Socrates was the original Greek philosopher. He studied how a person should live and believed strongly in honesty. He was famous for learning by asking multiple questions and studying the answers. The questions he asked were systematic and focused on specific theories or problems.
  • Plato studied with Socrates when he was young. He was very interested in learning about the meaning of justice. Plato was famous for writing about how the government should work. He also started his own school.
  • Aristotle was a student at Plato's school. He learned mainly through making observations of the world around him. He loved all aspects of science and was known to dissect animals to better understand how they worked.


In Ancient Greece, plays were the most popular entertainment in cities. During this time, there were three great Greek tragedian playwrights. A tragedian playwright is a person who writes plays about tragedies.

  • Aeschylus's plays often had a moral or religious emphasis. Only seven of this amazing writer's 70-plus plays have survived today.
  • Sophocles is famous for writing Oedipus the King. In this play, he writes about a man who, without knowing, kills his father and marries his mother.
  • Euripides is the third great playwright of this time. His plays focused on being skeptical of Greek religion. He believed that the gods did not care what humans were doing and they should just live their lives.


I bet you already know at least one of these famous Greek poets. Have you ever heard of ''The Tortoise and the Hare'' or ''The Fox Without a Tail''? These are two of Aesop's Fables. Aesop was a legendary poet who wrote hundreds of fables that taught the reader a life lesson, or moral.

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