Famous Ancient Romans Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Mary Beth Burns

Mary Beth has taught 1st, 4th and 5th grade and has a specialist degree in Educational Leadership. She is currently an assistant principal.

Can you imagine what it would be like to live during Ancient Rome? What kind of people would you meet? Come and learn about some of the most famous people of Ancient Rome in this lesson.

What Was Ancient Rome?

Did you know that Ancient Rome and the Rome, Italy, of today are not the same thing? Ancient Rome began around 800 BCE as a tiny town on the Tiber River in Italy. Eventually, it spanned Northern Africa, Western Asia and most of Europe. Ancient Rome was certainly a force to be reckoned with, as they were considered to be the most powerful empire during their time.

Ancient Rome came to an end around 500 AD when the government collapsed. However, during their reign as a powerhouse, there were many people who rose to the top as some of the most famous Ancient Romans of all time. Let's explore a few of these standout individuals.

Julius Caesar

Julius Caesar is one of the most famous, if not THE most famous, Ancient Romans. He is best known for the effect he had on Ancient Rome during his time as dictator. A dictator is a person who has sole control over a country.

Even though Caesar was only in this position for around a year, he did a lot to improve Ancient Rome. He reformed the Senate to make it a better functioning government body, he gave people from other countries citizenship, and he got Ancient Rome out of debt. These actions made Ancient Rome a better place to live and an even more powerful place. On the flip side, there was a great amount of violence and war that happened under his leadership. Unfortunately, Caesar was assassinated (or killed) after only a year as ruler.

Aside from his role in politics, Caesar was also well-known for his love life. He had many women in his life, including a woman named Servilia Caepionis. Servilia was the mother of the man who assassinated Caesar. Another one of Caesar's great loves was Cleopatra, the famous Egyptian queen.

A painting of Julius Caesar
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Mark Antony

They say that every great man has a great best friend. When it came to Julius Caesar, Mark Antony was that best friend. He even spoke at Caesar's funeral. Besides being Caesar's best friend, he also fell in love with the beautiful Cleopatra. The two ended up getting married and having three children. Their love story had a tragic end, as the two killed themselves when separated during battle.

A statue of Mark Antony
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