Farm Animals for Kids: Facts & Uses

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  • 0:02 Why Do Farms Have Animals?
  • 0:32 Cows
  • 1:27 Chickens
  • 2:27 Pigs
  • 2:50 Other Common Farm Animals
  • 3:03 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Mary Beth Burns

Mary Beth has taught 1st, 4th and 5th grade and has a specialist degree in Educational Leadership. She is currently an assistant principal.

Have you ever been to a farm? There are many different types of animals there, each with its own purpose. Come and learn about why there are animals on farms, as well as specific facts about cows, chickens and pigs.

Why Do Farms Have Animals?

Do you have a pet? If so, think about reasons that you have about the pet. Maybe it keeps you company, guards your house or learns fun tricks. Animals also have special roles in the world of agriculture, which is another word for farming. Some animals are on the farm to provide food, like meat or dairy. Other animals are on the farm to help with physical labor needed to keep the farm running.


There are more than 9 million cows living on farms in the United States. Did you know that the average cow produces eight gallons of milk a day? Farmers used to squeeze milk out of cows' udders with their hands, but today farmers can use a milking machine to get the job done quickly.

Milk production is not the only way that cows can help out on a farm. In fact, their poop has a specific job. Yes. You read that correctly. Their poop. Cow feces are used to make fertilizer, which farmers spread on the soil to make it healthy so that their crops can grow. Cows are also slaughtered, or killed, for their meat, which is sold to make a variety of beef products, like steak, short ribs or roasts.

One of the common breeds of cows found on the farm is the Holstein Cow. This cow has the classic black and white spots and is popular for dairy production. Another breed of cow is the Jersey cow, which is typically brown and produces great buttermilk.


Chickens are a great addition to any farm, as they can lay up to one egg a day. People have been raising chickens to have access to eggs for hundreds of years, and the first commercial chicken farm came around during the 1920s. Today, there are almost 20 million chickens worldwide! Now that's a lot of eggs! Chickens are also used for their meat and are sold so that you can eat chicken salad, chicken nuggets and many other variations of chicken. These are known as poultry products.

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