Farm Facts: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Kathryn Miedema Dominguez

Kathryn has taught elementary students for over ten years and has her master's degree in elementary education.

Farms produce food and fiber for people and animals. There are various types of farms that specialize in a specific product. In this lesson, you'll learn about types of farms and some of the business aspects that are involved.

What is Farming?

If you couldn't go to the store to buy groceries, then how would you get food? About 10,000 years ago, humans began to plant seeds to grow their own food. They had been hunting and gathering food, which forced them to move around a lot. When they figured out that they could grow their own, then they were able to live in one place. This was the beginning of farming.

Up until about a hundred years ago, many families lived on farms and grew or raised their own food. Sometimes they would sell or trade the extra food they had. Today, humans buy most of their food at stores and depend on farmers to produce it.

What Types of Farms are There?

There are two main types of farming: crops and animals. Some farms just grow crops, while others raise animals. However, there are farms that have both crops and animals.

Crop Farms

Plants are grown for various purposes. Many plants provide food for people and animals. In addition, some plants are used for fibers, which are made into thread to make fabric for clothing, such as cotton. Almost everything you use comes from plants and animals.

Crop farm with grains growing on the left and beans on the right.
crop farm

Farmers often choose a main crop to grow and cultivate it on many acres. A farm with one type of crop growing is called monoculture. Since all plants need different amounts of nutrients and water, it can be easier to have just one crop to care for. However, sometimes that can be risky, because if there is an invasion of insects that eat the plant, then it may destroy all the plants. A farmer can lose all their money in one night from a bad insect. For example, the Colorado potato beetle will eat all the leaves off a plant and cause it to die. Farming can be risky business!

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