Federal Taxes Lesson Plan

Instructor: Sharon Linde

Sharon has a Masters of Science in Mathematics

What do your students know about the federal tax system? This lesson plan uses a text lesson to give students an overview of federal taxes, then it guides them through a game and activity on the topic before finishing with a quiz.

Learning Objectives

After this lesson, students will be able to:

  • define key terms related to federal taxes
  • explain the process of calculating federal taxes
  • with guidance, fill out and audit federal tax return forms

Length

1 - 1.5 hours

Curriculum Standards

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RH.9-10.1

Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of primary and secondary sources, attending to such features as the date and origin of the information.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RH.9-10.2

Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source; provide an accurate summary of how key events or ideas develop over the course of the text.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RH.9-10.3

Analyze in detail a series of events described in a text; determine whether earlier events caused later ones or simply preceded them.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RH.9-10.4

Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including vocabulary describing political, social, or economic aspects of history/social science.

Materials

  • Copies of the lesson Overview of the Federal Tax System, one for each student
  • 1040 tax forms, two for each student
  • 1040 instruction booklets, one for each student
  • Red pens
  • Copies of the quiz, one for each student

Key Vocabulary

  • IRS
  • Gross income
  • Deduction
  • Taxable income
  • Tax rate
  • Tax bracket
  • Standard deduction

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