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Female Reproductive System Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Rachel Torrens
In this lesson, you'll learn about the parts and functions of the female reproductive system, particularly those found inside a woman's body that help her grow a baby.

The Female Reproductive System

The female reproductive system is what makes a person, well, female. Because of this system, girls develop into women. And then, these women, if they choose, are able to reproduce by growing babies.

The internal body parts involved in the female reproductive system are:

  • Ovaries
  • Fallopian tubes
  • Uterus
  • Vagina

There are also external body parts associated with the female reproductive system, including the vulva, labia and clitoris. However, in this lesson we are only going to explore those parts located completely inside the female body.

Internal Parts

Ovaries

The ovary is an organ that contains thousands of tiny eggs. In fact, they are so tiny, you need a microscope to see them. Now, these eggs, if fertilized by a male's sperm, have the potential to grow into a baby. From the time a girl is born, her ovaries already contain all the eggs she will ever have. The ovaries do not make eggs but simply store them during a woman's lifetime.

An easy way to remember the function of an ovary is to simply remember its shape. An ovary looks like an egg lying on its side, and that's exactly what the ovary is: an egg warehouse.

Another job of the ovaries is to release hormones. During puberty, a lot of these hormones are released, which cause breasts to develop and menstruation, also known as a 'period' to begin. Later, if a woman becomes pregnant, these same hormones help the woman to grow a baby.

The ovaries release an egg, which the fallopian tube transports to the uterus.
Internal female reproductive organs image

Fallopian Tubes

The fallopian tubes are thin, tunnel-like structures that connect the ovary to the uterus. Remember the eggs inside the ovary? Well, once puberty begins, hormones trigger the body to release an egg, about one every month. The ejected egg is caught by the finger-like extensions on the end of the fallopian tube. The fallopian tube then gently pushes the egg towards the uterus.

Uterus

The uterus, also known as the womb, is an upside-down, pear-shaped organ. The function of the uterus is to grow a baby. In anticipation of possibly growing a baby, the uterus builds up a fluffy, blood-filled lining of tissue every month.

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