Feudalism Lesson Plan for Elementary School

Instructor: Kerry Gray

Kerry has been a teacher and an administrator for more than twenty years. She has a Master of Education degree.

This lesson plan is a tool for helping teachers instruct elementary students about feudalism. Students will learn about the hierarchy of status and the reasons the feudal system was developed.

Learning Objectives

Upon completion of this lesson on feudalism, students will be able to:

  • Ask and answer questions about feudalism.
  • Summarize the feudal system.
  • Recognize the roles each of the levels in the hierarchy plays in the community.


90 minutes

Common Core Curriculum Standards


Quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.


Determine two or more main ideas of a text and explain how they are supported by key details; summarize the text.


Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.


  • armor
  • baron
  • counts
  • feudal contract
  • feudalism
  • fief
  • knight
  • lord
  • Middle Ages
  • military
  • noble
  • peasant
  • serf
  • taxes
  • vassal


  • Copies of quiz
  • Copies of the lesson
  • Paper
  • Pencils
  • Plastic gold coins
  • Sandwich bags
  • Role Cards (See Feudalism Pyramid Activity)
  • Challenge Cards (See Feudalism Pyramid Activity)

Reading & Discussion Questions

  • Preview vocabulary with students prior to reading the lesson.

Read Feudalism Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts as a class, and discuss the following questions:

    • Describe life in the Middle Ages.
    • Why was a system of feudalism needed?
    • Why did people give money and work to the kings and lords?
    • Who owned the land in a feudal system?
    • What is a fief?
    • What is a vassal?
    • What is the highest level of nobles?
    • Who worked the land?
    • Who decided what jobs people would hold?
    • What is the feudal contract?
    • How is the feudal system like our current system of government? How is it different?
  • Ask if there are any questions, then give the students the lesson's printable worksheet to check for understanding.
  • Check the answers as a class.


Feudalism Pyramid

Materials needed: copy of lesson, chart paper, markers, paper, pencil, plastic gold coins, sandwich bags, role cards prepared as follows: 1 king, 2 nobles (A & B), 4 knights (A1, A2, B1, B2), all remaining are split between serfs and peasants (each assigned to A1, A2, B1, or B2), challenge cards prepared as follows:

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