Finding Distance with the Pythagorean Theorem

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  • 0:11 Pythagorean Ice Cream
  • 2:47 Pythagorean Skating
  • 3:41 The Lion King Rock Problem
  • 6:31 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Erin Monagan

Erin has been writing and editing for several years and has a master's degree in fiction writing.

How much faster is it to cut the corners in a race around the block? In this lesson, review the Pythagorean Theorem, and figure out how to solve without a right triangle.

Pythagorean Ice Cream

The Pythagorean Theorem applies to right triangles
Pythagorean Theorem

Do you know that I love ice cream? When I was young, there used to be an ice cream shop around the corner. When I say around the corner, what I mean is down the street, around the corner and up the next street. Kind of like this (above).

I used to say to my friend 'let's go get some ice cream' and he'd say that he'd race me for it. So, I'd huff and puff and run all the way to the ice cream store. When I'd get there, my friend would already be there, cone in hand. It upset me so much.

It turned out that while I was running all the way around the corner and up to the ice cream, he was just cutting across the block. We know that the shortest line between two points is a straight line between those points. So, we know that he was going a shorter distance than I was. But, how can we find out how much shorter of a distance?

We use the Pythagorean Theorem. The Pythagorean Theorem says that for a right triangle (a and b are perpendicular to each other and c for the hypotenuse) that a^2 + b^2 = c^2. Let's use the Pythagorean Theorem to find out how much further I had to go.

We have my block, the start and the ice cream. Each block has a length s. So, I travelled s from start to the corner and s from the corner to the ice cream. These correspond to the distances a and b on a right triangle. If I use the Pythagorean Theorem (a^2 + b^2 = c^2), I plug in this distance s (how far I had to go to the corner, and how far from the corner to the ice cream store) for a and b, I get s^2 + s^2 = c^2. The c^2 is the hypotenuse and is how far my buddy had to go in a straight line from the start to ice cream. I can solve this 2s^2 = c^2. I can solve it for c^2 - he travelled the square root of 2 * s.

Using the Pythagorean Theorem in the ice cream example
Pythagorean Theory example

Let's compare that to what I travelled. I travelled s to the corner plus s to the ice cream. I went 2s and he went the square root of 2 * s. This means that I travelled the length of two blocks, while he had to go less than a block and a half (about 1.4 blocks).

Pythagorean Skating

Let's consider another case where we might want to use the Pythagorean Theorem. I'm skateboarding down a ramp. The ramp that I slide down is 20 ft long, and it's 6 ft tall. So, how far out does the ramp go?

Again, let's use our a^2 + b^2 = c^2. My a, in this case, is my height (6 ft). The b I don't know because I don't know how far I'm travelling perpendicular to my height. I do know the hypotenuse and that's 20 (I'm travelling down a 20 ft ramp). So, let's plug in 20 for c. I get 6^2 + b^2 = 20^2. I can solve this out, and I find that b is 19 ft.

The Lion King Rock Problem

Dimensions of the Lion King rock
Lion King rock problem

Let's say you've got a different kind of triangle. Here, you've got the Lion King peak. You want to find out how high up the Lion King peak is and how much it overhangs. If I draw this out, I'm looking for this distance (the overhang distance), as well as the height.

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