Amy has a master's degree in secondary education and has taught math at a public charter high school.
In our quest to find major Asian cities on a map,let's start our journey in India. India is a country in the southern part of the Asian continent and is located west of China. India is about as big as 1/3 of the United States.
Even though it's smaller than the United States, it has way more residents than the United States. It has almost 1 billion more people living there than the United States. As of 2016, India had a population of 1.3 billion people. Now, that's a lot of people!
India's capital is New Delhi. It's located in the northern part of India.
India does have another major city, that of Kolkata. This city, formerly called Calcutta, used to be India's capital between 1773 to 1911. It's located not too far from the coast next to Bangladesh.
Going east, let's go to Bangladesh. Bangladesh is an Asian country located between India and China on the Asian continent. India is to its west and China is to its east. It is home to the Bengal tiger. In 2016, Bangladesh had a population of 156 million. Its people are called Bangladeshi and the majority speak Bengali.
Its capital is Dhaka, located at about the center of the country.
Going further east, you end up in China, a big country in the eastern part of the Asian continent. China is the country with the highest population in the whole entire world. It's just a little smaller than the US, but it's home to way more people. As of 2016, it has a population of 1.37 billion, just a bit more than India.
It's capital is Beijing, located in the northwestern part of the country.
Another major city in China is that of Shanghai, located on the eastern shore of China. Shanghai is actually China's largest city and one of the world's major financial hubs as well.
Continuing the journey eastwards, let's pay a visit to South Korea, another country in the eastern part of the Asian continent. It is east of China and west of Japan. It's known for its hilly countryside as well as for sharing a heavy militarized border with North Korea. As of 2016, it has a population of just under 51 million.
South Korea's capital is Seoul. It is located in the northwestern part of the country.
Going even further east, there's Japan, an Asian island country east of South Korea. In 2016, Japan had a population of almost 127 million. In terms of size, it's almost as big as the state of California in the US.
It's capital is Tokyo, located roughly in the middle of the island on the eastern coast.
Traveling southwest across the Pacific Ocean takes you to the Philippines and then Indonesia, another island country located in the south eastern part of the Asian continent. The country is actually composed of thousands of volcanic island.
This is the country where you'll find volcanoes, nice beaches, and Komodo dragons. As of 2016, it had a population of 258 million. Its size is almost as big as three Texas states put together. It's southwest of the Philippines and south east of Vietnam.
It's capital is Jakarta, located on one of the southern islands of Indonesia.
Going north from the Jakarta, you'll see Vietnam and also Thailand, a southeast Asian country. Thailand is known for its beaches and royal palaces. It had a population of 68 million in 2016 with 95 percent of the population being Thai and 90 percent speaking the Thai language.
Thailand's capital is Bangkok with its ultra-modern cityscape. It's located on the coast at the northern end of the Gulf of Thailand.
To summarize, here is a table with the countries and capitals.
|India||Southern Asia||New Delhi||Northern India|
|Bangladesh||East of India||Dhaka||Center of country|
|China||Eastern Asia||Beijing||Northwestern China|
|South Korea||Eastern Asia||Seoul||Northwestern South Korea|
|Japan||East of South Korea||Tokyo||Middle of island on eastern coast|
|Indonesia||Southeast Asia||Jakarta||Tip of southern islands|
|Thailand||Southeast Asia||Bangkok||Northern tip of Gulf of Thailand|
India's old capital used to the city of Kolkata, known as Calcutta before. It's located not too far from the coast next to Bangladesh.
In China, the country's most populated city is Shanghai. It's located on the eastern shore of the country.
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