Finding Major Cities of the Americas on a Map

Instructor: Yuanxin (Amy) Yang Alcocer

Amy has a master's degree in secondary education and has taught math at a public charter high school.

This lesson will help prepare you for your geography Common Entrance Exam at 13+. Learn where the capitals and major cities are for the Americas. Practice locating them on the maps in this lesson.

North America Capitals

Are you ready for your geography exam? Even if you think you are, it's always a good idea to brush up on the locations of your continents, countries, capitals, and major cities. Remember, a continent is a large piece of land surrounded by water. Sometimes, two continents can be connected via a land bridge. Two examples of continents are North America and Australia. A country is a region within one political entity. For example, the United States and Canada, both located on the North American continent, are countries with separate ruling governments. All countries have a capital city, or political headquarters. Finally, a major city is a region where a relatively large number of people live. For example, Los Angeles is a major city in the United States because it is a region with a dense population.

Okay, now let's look at the locations of some capitals of North America. North America is home to the United States, Canada, and Mexico. Canada is located to the north, followed by the United States and then Mexico to the south. The United States shares land borders with both Canada and Mexico. All of North America is in the northern hemisphere.


major cities of americas


The capital of Canada is Ottawa and it is located in the south-eastern part of the country, near the U.S. border. Ottowa is north of New York.


major cities of americas


The capital of the United States is Washington, DC (District of Columbia). Washington, DC is located in the eastern part of the United States, near where the Atlantic Ocean comes in between Virginia and Delaware, an area called Chesapeake Bay.


major cities of americas


Mexico shares a border with the southern United States. Its capital is Mexico City.


major cities of americas


Mexico City is located near the center of Mexico, just slightly south-east.

South America Capitals

Mexico and South America are connected by a group of countries called Central America. Central America is connected to South America, which lies in the southern hemisphere. Let's take a look at the capitals of Colombia, Brazil, Peru, Chile, and Argentina.

Colombia is located towards the north of the continent, while Argentina is at the southern tip of the continent. Chile is west of Argentina occupying the coastal area. Peru is north of Chile and Brazil takes up most of the central and eastern parts of the continent.


major cities of americas


The capital of Argentina is Buenos Aires, located towards the eastern part of the country.


major cities of americas


Brazil's capital is Brazilia, located a little south-east of the middle of Brazil.


major cities of americas


The capital of Chile is Santiago and it is centrally located within the country.


major cities of americas


Bogota is the capital of Colombia. Bogota is located in the northern part of the country.


major cities of americas


Lastly, Peru's capital is Lima. It is located on the coast of Peru.


major cities of americas


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