Finland Facts: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Diane Sieverson

Diane has taught all subjects at the elementary level, was the principal of a K-8 private school and has a master's degree in Measurement and Evaluation.

There are many countries in Europe and Finland is one of them. Come learn about Finland, what it looks like, what its capital is, what languages are spoken, how big it is, and some other neat facts about this cool country.

Where is Finland?

Imagine finding yourself at a fun winter festival! It is very cold, but you don't mind because you are watching people ice skating and sledding. There are even castles made out of ice to look at! Even though you don't understand the language, you are having a great time in Finland!

Finland is a country in the northern part of Europe. It shares borders with Norway, Sweden, and Russia. Finland is small enough to fit inside the United States about 29 times!

Map of Finland
Map of Finland

The capital of Finland is Helsinki (pronounced hel-SING-kee), which is found in the southern part of the country and sits on the Gulf of Finland.

The average temperature during the summer in Finland runs between 55 and 65 degrees Fahrenheit and in the winter, temperatures range between 7 and 27 degrees. Brrr!

Helsinki seen from a plane
Helsinki seen from a plane

The Gulf of Finland sometimes freezes over in the winter, and special boats called icebreakers have to plow through it. They break the ice into big chunks so other ships can sail through and don't get stuck.

Finland's Features

Although a lot of the country is covered in forests, Finland is also known for its islands and lakes. There are thousands and thousands of tiny islands dotted along Finland's southern and western coasts, like sprinkles on your ice cream.

There are also a lot of streams and rivers in Finland, as well as 187,888 lakes! In the United States, Minnesota is known as 'The Land of 10,000 Lakes;' that's a lot, but not nearly as many as Finland!

Life in Finland

Flag of Finland
Flag of Finland

Both Finnish and Swedish are the official languages of Finland, and 100% of the people who are 15 years old or older know how to read and write.

Part of Finland sits above the Arctic Circle and has polar nights during the winter, which are days when the sun never comes up, so it stays dark. Imagine eating lunch in the middle of the day, but it looks like midnight outside!

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