Fire Triangle Lesson Plan

Instructor: Maria Airth

Maria has a Doctorate of Education and over 20 years of experience teaching psychology and math related courses at the university level.

In this lesson plan, students will read a text based lesson and assess their knowledge with a quiz. They will also demonstrate their understanding of the fire triangle through a physically active game and an extension writing assignment.

Learning Objectives

After this lesson, students will be able to:

  • Explain the fire triangle
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the elements required to create fire
  • Explain the hottest part of a flame


30-60 minutes

Curriculum Standards


Ask and answer questions to demonstrate understanding of a text, referring explicitly to the text as the basis for the answers.


Use information gained from illustrations (e.g., maps, photographs) and the words in a text to demonstrate understanding of the text (e.g., where, when, why, and how key events occur).


With guidance and support from adults, produce writing in which the development and organization are appropriate to task and purpose. (Grade-specific expectations for writing types are defined in standards 1-3 above.)



  • Ask your students to share what they know about fire.
  • Ask your students if they can name three things that every fire must have.
  • Tell your students that today's lesson will cover something called a fire triangle (or the three elements required for fire).


  • Hand out hard copies of the text lesson.
  • Ask for volunteers to read the introduction and 'What Is Fire?' sections of the text lesson. Discuss:
    • What is required for fire?
  • Explain that the three elements of fire (heat, oxygen and fuel) are called a fire triangle. You must have all three to have a fire, just like you must have all three sides to have a triangle.
  • Ask for volunteers to share the reading of the 'The Warm Glow of Flames' section. Discuss:
    • Who can summarize flames for us?
    • Are flames required for a fire?
    • What color is the hottest part of the flame?
    • Is fire bad or good? Why?
  • Allow volunteers to share the reading of the 'Fire Safety' section of the text lesson. Discuss:
    • Does anyone know any other fire safety rules? (Review 'stop, drop and roll' fire safety action.)
    • Is breathing in smoke dangerous to your health?
    • Why does water work to put out a fire? What about a blanket, why does that work?
  • Read the 'Lesson Summary' to your students.
  • Allow students time to review the text lesson and ask final questions before taking the quiz.
  • Hand out the lesson quiz. Go over each question and answer with the class after they have finished it.

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