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Flower Lesson for Kids: Parts & Facts

Instructor: Tamira Butler-Likely

Tamira has taught college Science and has a PhD in Biochemistry.

Like humans, flowers come in all shapes, colors, and sizes. They also have male and female parts, which help flowers spread their seeds and make more flowers just like them. In this lesson, we will learn about the different parts of a flower.

Why Do Plants Have Flowers?

Have you ever eaten an apple or an orange? If you have, you may have seen the seeds inside the core of the apple or the slices of an orange. If you were to plant those seeds, you could grow an apple or orange tree.

Seeds are what plants use to make new plants, and the flower of a plant is what makes those seeds. Flowers can have all male parts, all female parts, or a combination of both. Flowers with all male or all female parts are called imperfect. Flowers that have both male and female parts are called perfect.

The different parts of a flower
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Male Flower Parts

The male part of the flower is the stamen. The stamen is made of the anther and the filament. The filament is the stalk that the anther sits on top of, and the anther produces and stores pollen. Pollen carries the cells that are needed to mate with the female parts. The outer layer of pollen is very strong and keeps the pollen grain from being destroyed. It works so well that pollen grains have been found in fossils from hundreds of years ago!

Pollen grains from several different plants
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Female Flower Parts

The pistil is the female part of the flower. It is made up of the ovules, ovary, stigma, and style. The stigma is tip of the pistil that receives pollen grains on its sticky surface. The ovary contains the ovules, which combines with pollen to form the seeds of the flower. The style is the long stalk that connects the stigma to the ovary.

Other Flower Parts

The pistil and the stamen are not the only parts of the flower. The receptacle, sepal and petal all have important functions, too. The receptacle is the part of the flower that all of the other parts are attached to. It holds the flower together. Before the flower blooms, the sepal covers the closed bud to protect it. When the flower is ready to open, the sepal curls back.

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