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Follicular Cystitis: Symptoms & Treatment

Instructor: Dan Washmuth

Dan has taught college Nutrition, Anatomy, Physiology, and Sports Nutrition courses and has a master's degree in Dietetics & Nutrition.

Follicular cystitis is an inflammatory disease of the bladder that occurs often with bladder cancer and urinary tract infections. Learn about the symptoms and treatments for follicular cystitis.

Gloria is a 57-year-old secretary who has recently had problems when she urinates. Oftentimes, she feels a burning sensation during urination. Additionally, she has noticed that her urine is very cloudy. Worried about these symptoms, Gloria decides to go visit her doctor to get checked out. After performing several tests on Gloria, the doctor informs her that she has follicular cystitis caused by a urinary tract infection.

Follicular Cystitis

Follicular cystitis is an inflammatory disease of the bladder that occurs often with urinary tract infections (UTI), and, more seriously, bladder cancer. Cystitis is the medical term for an infection of the bladder, the organ that stores urine in the body before it is excreted. This disease occurs most often in women compared to men, because women are much more likely to get an UTI; 50% of women have a chance of getting an UTI at some point in their life.

The bladder is located in the pubic region of the body and stores urine.
bladder

Follicular Cystitis: Symptoms

There are several different symptoms associated with follicular cystitis. Since follicular cystitis is an inflammatory disease of the bladder, many of the symptoms involve urination. These symptoms include:

  • Pain in the pubic/groin area
  • Pain during urination
  • Cloudy urine
  • Increased frequency of urination
  • Increased urgency to urinate

Symptoms of follicular cystitis include frequent and urgent urination.
urination

Additionally, follicular cystitis may result in the formation of wounds or ulcers on the surface of the bladder. These wounds or ulcers form due to the constant infection associated with follicular cystitis.

Follicular Cystitis: Treatment

There is no one singular treatment for follicular cystitis, rather, the main course of treatment is to address the underlying cause and symptoms of the infection.

There are medications that help to restore the protective coating of the bladder, which can help to decrease or prevent infection.

Antispasmodics are also used to treat the symptoms of increased frequency and urgency of urination. Antispasmodics help to relax the muscles of the bladder and prevent the muscles from contracting involuntarily. Additionally, antibiotics may be used in order to kill any bacteria that may cause further infection in the bladder.

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