Food Pyramid Facts: Lesson for Kids

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  • 0:05 What Is the Food Guide…
  • 0:37 Levels of the Pyramid
  • 1:39 The Top Level
  • 1:59 My Plate
  • 2:24 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Jeremy Cook

I have been teaching elementary school for 16 years. I have extensive experience in lesson and curriculum development and educational technology.

Has your mom ever told you to eat all your vegetables to be healthy? Your mom isn't making that stuff up! In this lesson, we'll discuss the U.S. government's food guide charts and learn how they may be used to eat in a healthy way.

What Is the Food Guide Pyramid?

The food pyramid is a visual guide from the U.S. government that shows a person what to eat each day to be healthy. It organizes food into 6 groups. These 6 groups are organized in a pyramid shape based on the number of servings, or a set amount of food, a person should eat each day.

The food groups of the pyramid are:

  • Bread, cereal, rice, and pasta
  • Vegetables
  • Fruit
  • Milk, yogurt, and cheese
  • Meat, poultry, fish, beans, and nuts
  • Fats and oils

Levels of the Pyramid

Each part of the food pyramid is slightly different in recommended serving sizes. The lower down the pyramid, the higher the amount of suggested servings. The base of the pyramid is the largest part - the grain group. The pyramid suggests that the average person get between 5 and 11 servings of rice, bread or other grains per day. Sitting right above the base are two slightly smaller pieces that make up the second level. These are the fruit group and the vegetable group. The vegetable group has a suggested serving size of 3 to 5 per day. The fruit serving size is 2 to 4 portions per day.

The third level contains the dairy group and the meat, poultry, fish, beans and nuts group. Both of these groups contain protein. They each have a suggested serving amount of 2 to 3 servings per day. The meat group is considered to be the most diverse food group because it contains the meat of all animals that people may eat. However, not all people eat meat, so this category also contains plant sources of protein - beans and nuts.

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