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Frankenstein in Popular Culture

Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Elisa Goldman

Elisa has taught K-6 grades and has two master's degree in Instructional Technology and Education.

Mary Shelley's 1818 novel 'Frankenstein' is an enduring tale embedded in contemporary popular culture, despite two centuries passing since its publication. Discover the use, reimagination, and adaptation of the novel to TV, film, stage, and music. Updated: 12/01/2021

Frankenstein: Background

''Oh! No mortal could support the horror of that countenance. A mummy again endued with animation could not be so hideous as that wretch. I had gazed on him while unfinished; he was ugly then, but when those muscles and joints were rendered capable of motion, it became a thing such as even Dante could not have conceived.'' (Dr. Victor Frankenstein)

The popularity of Mary Shelley's novel and its various adaptions has been going strong for almost 200 years. The 'monster' has spawned thousands of spin-offs, ranging from discussions on the dangers of science interfering with nature to graphic novels. And with that comes the image, endlessly reproduced in everything from horror movies to breakfast cereals, of a green-skinned, flat-headed, groaning, lumbering giant with bolts in his neck.

In fact, Frankenstein's monster had none of those features. A description by the Swiss doctor Frankenstein states that, ''His limbs were in proportion, and I had selected his features as beautiful. Beautiful!-Great God! His yellow skin scarcely covered the work of muscles and arteries beneath; his hair was of a lustrous black, and flowing; his teeth of a pearly whiteness; but these luxuriences only formed a more horrid contrast with his watery eyes, that seemed almost of the same colour as the dun white sockets in which they were set, his shriveled complexion and straight black lips.''

Stage, Screen, & TV

Productions have been made of Frankenstein since before the days of the movie camera. An original theater production was mounted in 1823. Since then, numerous stage adaptations of Frankenstein have been written and performed all around the world.

Frankenstein has been adapted for television as well. In the 1960s, Fred Gwynne played Herman Munster in the sitcom Frankenstein, presented as an ''ordinary'' family man with a day job. The legendary horror icon, Boris Karloff, made Frankenstein his own in movies like Frankenstein and Bride of Frankenstein in 1931 and 1935, respectively. Movies such as I, Frankenstein, Hotel Transylvania, Victor Frankenstein and the very humorous Young Frankenstein have all been part of the Frankenstein juggernaut during the last 50 years.


Numerous books, poems, and stories have taken the idea of science gone wrong and twisted it into modern parables. In fact, the subtitle of Frankenstein is The Modern Prometheus. Prometheus gave fire from the Greek gods to the humans and was 'rewarded' by having his liver plucked out of his body every day by a giant bird. The intended message was that people were not supposed to tamper with the natural order, be it fire or reanimating the dead.

Frankenstein has been adapted into many forms including graphic novels, children's picture books, and modern adaptations of the story. Examples of Frankenstein-related books for children include Frankenstein Makes a Sandwich by Adam Rex and Frank N' Goat: A Tale of Freakish Friendship by Jessica Watts. The Frankenstein Series by Dean Koontz is an adult book emphasizing the theme of reanimating and creating something that should not be revived.


Let's say you need some songs for your Halloween party or your monster movie marathon about Dr. Frankenstein's monster. The following are ten popular songs about our favorite frenetic, freaky guy:

1) ''Monster Mash'' by Boris Pickett - 1963

2) ''Teenage Frankenstein'' by Alice Cooper - 1986

3) ''Over at the Frankenstein Place'' by Richard O'Brien for the Rocky Horror Picture Show - 1975

4) ''Crown of Creation'' by Jefferson Airplane - 1968

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