Galapagos Penguin Facts: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Thomas Philip
In this lesson, we'll talk about Galapagos penguins. You will learn what Galapagos penguins look like, where they live,and what they eat, and you'll discover how many of them are left in the world today.

What Are Galapagos Penguins?

When you hear the word 'penguin,' what do you picture? Probably a cute little black-and-white animal waddling across snow and ice. But did you know that there are penguins that live in warm climates? They're called Galapagos penguins.

Galapagos Penguin

This Galapagos penguin is one of the smallest types of penguins, measuring on average 19 inches long and weighing only 5.5 pounds. This penguin has a black head with a white line that goes around the face.

Where Do Galapagos Penguins Live?

The Galapagos penguin lives on the Galapagos Islands, which are a collection of tiny islands located near Ecuador. The Galapagos Islands sit right on the Equator, the imaginary line that divides the earth into the Northern Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere. That means that Galapagos penguins are the only penguins in the world found north of the Equator.

Galapagos penguins live largely on the western coast of the Galapagos Islands.
Galapagos penguin distribution

Countries located close to or along the Equator are usually very warm, since the sun mostly always remains directly overhead. Most Galapagos penguins like to live along the western edge of the islands, which is cooler than other parts of the islands due to cold ocean currents that hit the western coast.

Penguin Diet and Predators

Galapagos penguins are carnivorous. This means they eat other creatures, such as krill, many types of small fish, and crustaceans. They usually stay close to the shoreline and won't go too far into the water to get their food.

These penguins are very social animals. They usually stay in groups, which helps them to protect themselves from predators. On land, some of their predators include crabs, snakes, and owls. In the water, they can be hunted by sharks, fur seals, and sea lions.

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