Copyright

Geographic Influences on Migration Patterns in South Asia

An error occurred trying to load this video.

Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support.

Coming up next: Demographics of South Asia

You're on a roll. Keep up the good work!

Take Quiz Watch Next Lesson
 Replay
Your next lesson will play in 10 seconds
  • 0:00 What Is Migration?
  • 1:04 India & Nepal
  • 2:13 Pakistan & Afghanistan
  • 3:52 Sri Lanka & the Maldives
  • 4:55 Bhutan
  • 5:25 Lesson Summary
Save Save Save

Want to watch this again later?

Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course.

Log in or Sign up

Timeline
Autoplay
Autoplay
Speed Speed

Recommended Lessons and Courses for You

Lesson Transcript
Instructor: David Wood

David has taught Honors Physics, AP Physics, IB Physics and general science courses. He has a Masters in Education, and a Bachelors in Physics.

After watching this video, you should be able to describe the migration patterns in South Asia - both internally within the countries of the region and externally. A short quiz follows.

What is Migration?

People like to move around. And they do so for lots of different reasons. Human migration is the seasonal or long-term movement of humans from one area of the Earth to another. This might happen when someone moves for a new job, or flees persecution in their home country, or escapes from the path of a gigantic erupting volcano. Whatever the reason, when people move, that's human migration.

In today's lesson, we're going to look at the migration patterns in each of the countries of South Asia. South Asia is the area usually considered to include Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, the Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. There are a lot of people in South Asia: A staggering 1.6 billion in total, 1.2 billion of whom are squashed into India. And where there are a lot of people, there's a lot of movement. Let's start with India and Nepal.

Migration Patterns of India & Nepal

Within the borders of India and Nepal, there is a lot of migration. In India, the most common reason people move is marriage. This is especially true of women - when a woman in India marries, she is expected to move in with or near to her husband's family. In fact, over 50% of internal migration in India is for this reason. People also move within the country for better employment, or educational opportunities, or to avoid turmoil. For example, many people have left Jammu, Kashmir, and Assam in recent years due to the conflicts there.

In Nepal, the biggest flow of internal migration is from the northern, mountainous areas, into either cities or the southern, fertile farmland. The mountains have become too densely populated, and land is expensive. People are moving south to seek new opportunities.

In 2001, only 2% of migrations in India were from outside the country. Far more people leave the country and emigrate to developed ones, such as the United States and countries in Europe. Getting acceptance into these countries can take many years, but it provides a better life for a lot of people.

Migration Patterns of Pakistan & Afghanistan

When the British left India, they carved up the country into what we know today as India and Pakistan. The idea was that Hindu believers would be most at home in India, and Muslims could find their way to Pakistan. And this is exactly what happened: a surge of migration out of India into the new country of Pakistan.

Later, internal migration within Pakistan occurred mostly from rural areas to city areas, by people in search of jobs or better opportunities. This continues to this day, as urban areas grow more each year. Sometimes this migration is permanent, but sometimes the men of a family go into the city and send money that they make back home to their families in the country. They might even return to the villages during agricultural harvests. This time away from their families is a huge sacrifice, but it can be the only way to escape poverty.

When it comes to external migration, a lot of people in Pakistan have been moving to the Middle East to take advantage of the huge oil reserves there. They see this as a way to get rich.

Afghan migration data is hard to come by. Since governments have been anything from informal to downright abusive, there often was little or no data gathered about how people moved. We do know that people seasonally migrate to Iran and Pakistan for work and send money back to their families in Afghanistan. We also know that people leave the country to escape persecution and are granted asylum in Europe, the U.S., and other countries. And during the many times of war, there is often heavy migration out of the country to escape the fighting.

Migration Patterns of Sri Lanka & the Maldives

Sri Lanka and the Maldives see a lot of migration. Since both countries are so small, opportunities can be limited, causing people to move to other places to work. They then send the money home to their families. Many people go to the Middle East for jobs in the oil industry, but South Korea and Singapore are also major destinations.

To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member.
Create your account

Register to view this lesson

Are you a student or a teacher?

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use Study.com

Become a Study.com member and start learning now.
Become a Member  Back
What teachers are saying about Study.com
Try it risk-free for 30 days

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Create an account to start this course today
Try it risk-free for 30 days!
Create an account
Support