Geography Definition: Lesson for Kids

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  • 0:05 Geography
  • 0:37 Physical Geography
  • 1:32 Human Geography
  • 2:03 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Lindsey Hays

Lindsey has taught Elementary Education, Spanish immersion, and ESL. She has a MS in Elementary Education with a BA in Spanish.

If you like to travel and see beautiful sights around the world, then geography is for you! This lesson will give you an overview of geography and how you can use it to learn about our world.


If you could go anywhere in the world, where would you go? Would you visit the African safari? The Australian outback? The South American rain forest? There are so many places to see in the world, you would never tire of visiting them all. In this lesson, we'll look at the definition of geography and what kinds of things you can learn about around the world.

Our Earth consists of seven continents and five oceans, each of which has its own unique physical characteristics. Geography is the study of the Earth's physical characteristics and surface, including their effects on humans and the effect of humans on the Earth.

Physical Geography

Think about the last time you looked at a map. Maybe you studied a map in class or used one when you traveled to a new place. Physical geography is the study of the Earth's surface, such as the continents and oceans. Physical geographers often use maps to study the differences in landforms, or natural features, around the world.

Physical geographers also study how landforms change. Have you ever looked outside after a bad storm? Most likely, the area outside your apartment or house did not look the same after the storm. Natural events, such as storms, can cause landforms to change. In addition, physical geographers study natural disasters as well as the atmosphere and how it's affected by pollution. For example, they may look at plants and trees and try to determine why they grow in certain areas over others. They also look at climate patterns and meteorology, or atmospheric phenomena and processes. Physical geographers conduct research in order to better understand our world.

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