Geological Resources of the State of Georgia

Instructor: Artem Cheprasov

Artem has a doctor of veterinary medicine degree.

You might know that Georgia is the peach state but it's also known for having a wide variety of geological resources. This lesson goes over many of them and their uses.

Where is Georgia?

Georgia, the state not the country, is located in the Southern United States, right next to Alabama, South Carolina, and Florida. Georgia was the 13th English colony and the 4th state of the U.S. It has Atlanta as its capital. It's a state rich in American history, rich with culture, and a rich variety of geological resources as well.

Let's find out what some of these resources are and what they are used for.

Marble, Metal, and Lumber

Georgia has marble, a kind of stone that is quite expensive. It's used to decorate floors of government buildings, columns of various museums, and even kitchen countertops. Georgia also has sand and gravel, both of which can be used to help make concrete. This concrete then forms the basis for buildings, driveways, and sidewalks. Clay is found in Georgia in many regions. Like concrete, it can technically be used to build something like a home, as per an adobe building, but it's also used in clay paints, pots, and the like.

An example of marble.

Georgia also contains many metals. For example, Georgia has iron, copper, and manganese. Iron can be used to produce cooking pots, to manufacture steel, and pipes. Like iron, copper can be used in pipes but also in wires and coins. Manganese can be used to help make various metals, fertilizers, and even fungicide. The latter is a term that describes a substance that kills fungi.

Fungi can and do often grow in forests and Georgia has lumber. This lumber is used to build homes, tables, and make paper. Wood helps people stay warm, make drumsticks you might use to practice playing the drums, kitchen utensils, blinds, boats, and so much more.

Oil, Coal, and Kaolin

Besides stone, metal, and wood, Georgia has oil, coal, and kaolin. We all know that oil is used to power cars as per gasoline and engine oil. However, that same oil is actually used for far more. Oil or its byproducts are used to help make:

  • Chemicals
  • Plastics
  • Lubricants
  • Waxes
  • Medication
  • Asphalt
  • Synthetic materials, like nylon.

Like oil, coal is often associated with being used to as an energy source. Instead of a car as per oil, coal is largely viewed as powering a power plant that then helps make electricity that powers the lights and appliances in our homes and offices. But there's so much more to coal. Coal or its byproducts are used to make paper, steel, chemicals, medication, fertilizer, dyes, soaps, and fibers like rayon.

An image of coal

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