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Germination of Seeds Lesson for Kids

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  • 0:00 Undestanding Seeds
  • 0:32 Parts of a Seed
  • 1:28 Seed Germination
  • 3:01 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Debra Patuto

Debra has taught at elementary levels and has an M.ed with certification in elementary education and special education

Seed germination is an important phase of a plant's life. In this lesson, we're going to learn what is inside a seed and what it takes to make seeds grow. Then, test your knowledge with a short quiz.

Understanding Seeds

Did you know that all plant foods that have seeds are considered fruits? Yes, this even includes some foods that you might think are vegetables, such as avocados, tomatoes, pea pods, squash, and peppers. By definition, fruit is made up of seeds and fleshy plant material that you can eat. But, what exactly makes up a seed? Let's take a closer look before we explore germination.

Parts of a Seed

When it's cold outside, you put on your coat to protect your body from getting cold. Well, seeds have coats, too. Some seeds have hard coats and some have soft coats. Just like your coat, the seed coat protects what is inside the seed.

And what's inside the seed is very important. One major part inside the seed is the cotyledon, a large space just underneath the seed coat. It protects the inner parts of the seed and also supplies the baby plant with food and nutrients while it grows. Another important part of the seed is the embryo, the baby plant inside the seed that has roots, a stem, and leaves. These parts all need to stay safe inside the seed so that it can grow into an adult plant.

Seed Germination

As a baby plant, a seed requires several things to grow big and strong, like healthy soil, the right amount of sunlight, and water. A seed also has to go through germination, the phase of growth when the seed begins to sprout. For some seeds, special things have to happen before they can germinate. Some need to lie dormant (which is like resting), and some seeds require cold nights and hot days to help with cracking the coat open. Some even need to pass through an animal to be activated by the acids in the animal's stomach!

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