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Gerund of Ir & Hacer

Instructor: Raychelle Heath

Raychelle has a BA in Spanish and an MFA in Writing. She has studied in Puerto Rico and currently lives in Mexico. She has taught Spanish in various settings.

Where are you going? What are you doing? The word 'going' in Spanish is ''yendo'' and 'doing' is ''haciendo.'' ''Yendo'' and ''haciendo'' are the gerund forms of ''ir'' and ''hacer.'' In this lesson, learn how to use the gerund of these verbs.

Going and Doing

Where are you going for vacation this year? What are you doing this weekend? These are probably questions you've answered before. Both of these questions include a gerund. The gerund form of a verb is its '-ing' form. The gerund can be used as a noun or to form the progressive tense. This lesson will show you how to create and use the gerund of two very useful verbs: ir (eer) and hacer (ah-SEHR). Ir means 'to go,' and its gerund form is yendo (YEN-doh). Hacer means 'to do' or 'to make,' and its gerund form is haciendo (ah-see-EN-doh).

Let's take a look at each of these verbs separately and learn how to use them.

The Gerund of Ir

The gerund form of the verb ir is irregular. It has an -i to -y shift, meaning it is spelled yendo. It can be used independently or paired with a helping verb. When yendo is paired with a form of the verb estar, it creates the progressive tense. Below you will find a chart that shows the present progressive of ir.

VERB: ir (eer) 'to go'

Subject
Pronoun
Present Progressive Tense Pronunciation Translation
yo estoy yendo es-TOY YEN-doh I am going
estás yendo es-TAS YEN-doh You (informal) are going
él, ella,
usted
está yendo es-TAH YEN-doh He, she is going; you (formal) are going
nosotros,
nosotras
estamos yendo es-TAH-mohs YEN-doh We are going
vosotros,
vosotras
estáis yendo es-TAH-ees YEN-doh You (plural, informal) are going
ellos, ellas,
ustedes
están yendo es-TAN YEN-doh They (male, female), you (plural, informal or formal) are going

Examples Using the Gerund of Ir

  • Me encanta yendo al gimnasio en la mañana. (I love going to the gym in the morning.)
  • Yendo al cine por la noche es más caro que yendo durante el día. (Going to the movies at night is more expensive than going during the day.)
  • Estamos yendo a las montañas este fin de semana. (We are going to the mountains this weekend.)
  • ¿Estáis yendo a la fiesta de Nina? (Are you all going to Nina's party?)
  • No estoy yendo a la cena porque tengo que estudiar. (I am not going to the dinner because I have to study.)

Translation=Going to the beach can be very relaxing.
yendo a la playa

The Gerund of Hacer

The gerund form of the verb hacer is regular and follows the spelling pattern for -er/-ir verbs. The gerund form of hacer is haciendo. As with yendo, it can be used independently or paired with a helping verb, such as estar. Below you will find a chart that shows the present progressive of hacer.

VERB: hacer (ah-SEHR) 'to do' or 'to make'

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