Ghana Lesson for Kids: History & Facts

Instructor: Debra Patuto

Debra has taught at elementary levels and has an M.ed with certification in elementary education and special education

This lesson will teach you about the Republic of Ghana. We'll explore the history of the land and learn about the people, culture, and the rich resources of this country.

Fun For All

He shoots. He scores! The crowd goes wild!

Do you have a favorite sports team that you enjoy watching? It's no different in Ghana. Ghanaians love soccer so much it's considered the national sport of Ghana. Crowds of people from all over gather together at a stadium in the capital of Accra to support their favorite soccer team.

Let's learn about Ghanaians, their culture, and their country.

Where In The World Is Ghana?

The Republic of Ghana is a small country on the west coast of Africa. Its southern border touches the Atlantic Ocean along the Gulf of Guinea.


If you were to drive from the eastern side of Ghana to the west, you would notice the weather change from warm and dry in the east to hot and humid in the west.

Also in the east is the Lake Volta, a very large lake. Traveling west, you would drive through large areas of flat land with very few trees and low-lying plateaus until you eventually reached the large rainforests of western Ghana.

A Bit of History

Ghana wasn't always the country's name. When the area was a British colony, it was called the Gold Coast. People from all over Europe would come to the colony to trade goods such as foods, supplies, and jewelry for gold, which there is a lot of in Ghana.

In 1957, the Gold Coast became independent from Britain and changed its name to Ghana. But they had a difficult time getting their government organized and running properly. In 1992, a new constitution was created to provide more structure to their government.

Life in Ghana

Ghana is home to lots of different types of people. As many as 75 different ethnic groups live there! The largest ethnic group is the Akan tribe, which makes up almost half of the population.

Ghanaians live in small villages and grow their own food on farms. The schools within the villages in Ghana are some of the best in all of Africa.

Traditional clothing in Ghana is very colorful. The kente cloth is a woven cotton and silk cloth with many colors and prints. Ghandaian smocks made of the Kente cloth and are popular with men and women.

Nature in Ghana

Ghana is home to six national parks and many smaller nature reserves. Reserves are protected areas that are home to many living things such as plants, trees, and animals.

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