Global, Local & Regional Geography

An error occurred trying to load this video.

Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support.

Coming up next: Geography Tools: Maps, GPS & GIS

You're on a roll. Keep up the good work!

Take Quiz Watch Next Lesson
 Replay
Your next lesson will play in 10 seconds
  • 0:03 What Is Geography?
  • 1:13 Local to Regional to Global
  • 3:42 Lesson Summary
Save Save Save

Want to watch this again later?

Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course.

Log in or Sign up

Timeline
Autoplay
Autoplay
Speed Speed

Recommended Lessons and Courses for You

Lesson Transcript
Instructor: David Wood

David has taught Honors Physics, AP Physics, IB Physics and general science courses. He has a Masters in Education, and a Bachelors in Physics.

Learn why geography looks at the world on local, regional, and global scales. Discover how connected the world is, and then measure the scale of your new knowledge with a quiz.

What Is Geography?

The world is a big place: a gigantic ball in space, orbiting around the sun. But in some ways, you could say that the earth is more like an onion than a ball because it has many layers. The earth contains lots of small pieces that make up the planet as a whole. Local weather patterns come together to form regional ones, which collectively form global currents and cycles. Local earthquakes are caused by the movements of gigantic tectonic plates that cover the whole of the earth's surface. The smallest things on earth are interconnected with the largest ones. And so studying geography means looking at all these levels.

Geography is the study of the physical features of the earth's surface and atmosphere and how those features are affected by natural and human effects. Geography also studies how humans are affected by the earth's surface.

In this lesson, we are going to discuss how geography involves looking at the earth on local levels, regional levels, and global levels - how everything fits together. By studying all three levels, geographers can fully understand how the world works.

Local to Regional to Global

Geography can easily be studied at the local level. It asks questions like: what is the local topography and how does it affect weather patterns? Or, how does a supermarket affect the local economy? Or, how did the river carve out the valley in which this town is found?

But as you study the answers these questions, you can't help but start to wonder about the region that surrounds that local area. The local weather patterns aren't just a product of what the local area is like but also what air currents enter the area from the surrounding region. The supermarket didn't just appear one day like magic in the town; it came because they saw a business opportunity, based on its experience in the wider region and success elsewhere. Maybe supermarkets just got a subsidy from the government, or maybe the population of this area is rising.

And it's all well and good studying how the river carved out the valley, but that river is affected by things outside of the local area, like the amount of rainfall near the river's source or the slope of the land leading into the local area. The local area also affects what happens to the river after it leaves into the wider region - the faster the water is allowed to flow through the town, the more erosion might happen further downstream as it approaches the sea.

Once you start to study regional geography, you quickly find that global geography becomes important, too. For example, how does the weather in the region relate to global air and water currents? Perhaps the area is warmed by the gulf stream or cooled by arctic winds. Or perhaps the local area is getting warmer because the whole world is, too.

To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member.
Create your account

Register to view this lesson

Are you a student or a teacher?

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use Study.com

Become a Study.com member and start learning now.
Become a Member  Back
What teachers are saying about Study.com
Try it risk-free for 30 days

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Create an account to start this course today
Try it risk-free for 30 days!
Create an account
Support