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Goals & Philosophies of Physical Education

Goals & Philosophies of Physical Education
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  • 0:05 Physical Education Philosophy
  • 0:59 Goals & Purposes
  • 3:05 Current Trends
  • 4:17 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Artem Cheprasov
This lesson gives you an overview of the philosophy, goals, purposes, and current trends in physical education. You'll learn how all of this ends up benefiting students in many ways.

The Philosophy Behind Physical Education

What's the point of all of those physical education (PE) classes we've all taken? Sure we got to have some fun playing sports but was that all there was to it? Of course not. The philosophy behind physical education entails principles that teach students the mechanics of physical activity, why it's important, and how they can and should remain physically active on their own.

It goes much deeper than that, of course. Underlying this outward manifestation of physical education is the understanding that if students learn all of this and apply it, it will benefit them tremendously in terms of physical and mental well-being. This will, in turn, benefit the entire nation since healthier people do not take up as many healthcare resources.

Clearly, good physical education affects the health and economics of individuals and an entire nation. So why don't we take a closer look at the goals, purposes, and current trends of physical education.

Goals & Purposes

Physical education programs have many different goals. One of them is to develop proper motor skills. This starts off by teaching kids how to throw or skip. Simple movements are then combined later in life into more specialized movements, like dance or catching a ball or hitting a ball with a bat. Then, these advanced movements are incorporated into group activities where the number of players increases and the rules become more complex and strategy is important.

Developing motor skills is the obvious goal of physical education. Yet there are other important goals as well. One of them is learning the value of a physical exercise. It's one thing to throw a ball but if a student doesn't understand the value of it, they may stop. Thus, students need to be taught or shown what their physical activity can bring them, such as self-expression through dance, accolades from playing tennis, and social interaction from team sports.

Another goal of physical education is the development of proper social skills. Skills that are taught through PE include teamwork, ethical behavior, cooperation, etiquette, and how to remain positive even when something is not going your way. Social skills also include the identification and understanding of rules and their value.

PE also aims to develop an appreciation of diversity. By having students interact with other students of different cultures, nationalities, genders, ethnicities and religions, PE seeks to establish positive relationships and help disintegrate prejudice of all kinds.

There are many other goals of physical education, of course, and the purposes of all of these goals are many. Proper physical education programs:

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