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Greek God Dionysus Lesson for Kids: Facts, History & Myths

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Instructor: Kristin Pia Hayman

Kristin taught for over 10 years in the elementary classroom. She holds a B.A. in Journalism as well as a Master's Degree in Elementary Education.

Dionysus was the Greek god of wine and a god of nature. Learn about his interesting birth and how he became an immortal god on Mount Olympus, and find out some fun facts about his family and his powers. Updated: 05/22/2023

The God of Wine

In Greek mythology, Dionysus was the god of wine. Why wine, you ask? Well, to the Greeks, farming was extremely important, and grapes were one of the things that grew best in the Greek climate. The Greeks then turned those grapes into wine, which was a drink that was important to their culture.

Dionysus taught the Greeks a lot about how to grow the best grapes so that they could make wine. Because of this, he was honored throughout the year, but especially at harvest time, when it was time to pick the grapes.

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  • 0:04 The God of Wine
  • 0:34 History of Birth & Rebirth
  • 1:34 Dionysus in Mythology
  • 2:06 Facts About Dionysus
  • 2:50 Lesson Summary
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History of Birth and Rebirth

Dionysus was the son of the god Zeus and a human named Semele. Semele was not Zeus' wife, so when Hera (his real wife) found out that Semele was pregnant, she tricked her into getting herself killed. After she died, Zeus took the unborn Dionysus from Semele and sewed the baby up in his leg! Zeus then carried Dionysus in his leg until he was ready to be born. How's that for an interesting birth!

Hera was very jealous of Dionysus. When she found out he was still alive, she ordered the Titans to kill him. They eventually did, but his grandmother, Rhea, brought him back to life. Then, Zeus protected him and gave him the power to live forever, called immortality.

Later in his life, Dionysus traveled to the underworld, which was the land of the dead ruled by the god Hades. Dionysus brought his mother back from the dead and took her to Mount Olympus. Because of all of these stories, Dionysus was said to represent rebirth after death.

Dionysus in Mythology

Dionysus is often represented as having two personalities. He sometimes would be extremely happy and bring joy to the people, but at other times, he was angry and violent. This was how the Greeks represented the effects that wine can have on a person.

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