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Greek Goddess Gaia: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Angela Burke

Angela has over ten years of teaching experience in Special Education, classroom teaching and GT. She has a master's degree in Special Ed with an emphasis in Gifted.

Do you know who Gaia is? In this lesson, discover the Greek goddess Gaia and learn about her very famous children. Find out how Gaia is relevant to our lives today.

Goddess of the Earth

Perhaps you've heard of the Greek god Zeus, the god of the sky and ruler of Olympias. But do you know who his grandmother was?

Her name was Gaia (pronounced guy-ah). Gaia was the Greek Goddess of the Earth. Gaia is often called the mother of all gods because she had many children. In fact, Gaia is believed to have given birth to the first gods, called Titans, as well as humans.

Gaia is an important part of Greek mythology, which is a collection of stories about gods, goddesses, heroes, and customs of the ancient Greeks. Let's find out more about Gaia.

Gaia, the Greek Goddess of the Earth
Gaia

The Beginning of Time

Many Greeks believed that the very beginning of time started with Chaos, the only being that existed. From Chaos, the earth goddess Gaia was created, as well as the sky god called Ouranos (pronounced OO-ran-ohs). Ouranos is sometimes called Uranus, like the planet.

Gaia and Ouranos got together and had children, including Rhea (pronounced Ray-ah), another earth goddess, Cronos and Ocean.

But trouble was right around the corner. Ouranos was a terrible father. How would you feel if you were kept in a cave? This is what Ouranos did to his children. Gaia told her son, Cronos, to attack his father. He did, causing Ouranos to run away.

Baby Zeus

Life didn't get any easier for the gods and goddesses. Rhea and Cronos married each other, and had many children. But Cronos was also a terrible father. He actually ate his children!

In an attempt to save baby Zeus, Gaia and Rhea worked together to hide him away in a cave on the island of Crete. Rhea gave Cronos a stone wrapped up in clothes. Cronos ate the stone, and Zeus remained safe. Zeus grew up and defeated Cronos, saving his brothers and sisters - Hestia, Demeter, Hera, Hades and Poseidon. He became the king of the gods.

Sculpture of Zeus
Zeus

Mother Nature

Greek mythology is still important today. The myths, or stories, told by the Greeks often taught lessons about right and wrong. Today Gaia is often referred to as Mother Earth, or Mother Nature.

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