Group Dynamics Lesson Plan

Instructor: Kerry Gray

Kerry has been a teacher and an administrator for more than twenty years. She has a Master of Education degree.

This lesson plan is a tool for helping teachers instruct students about group dynamics. Students will learn about factors that affect group dynamics and participate in a role-playing activity that demonstrates group behavior.

Learning Objectives

Upon completion of this lesson on group dynamics, students will be able to:

  • Ask and answer questions about group dynamics.
  • Summarize the factors that affect group dynamics.
  • Recognize the dynamics at play during a group discussion.


90 minutes

Common Core Curriculum Standards


Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text, including determining where the text leaves matters uncertain.


Determine two or more central ideas of a text and analyze their development over the course of the text, including how they interact and build on one another to provide a complex analysis; provide an objective summary of the text.


Initiate and participate effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grades 11-12 topics, texts, and issues, building on others' ideas and expressing their own clearly and persuasively.


  • apathetic
  • assertive
  • coalitions
  • conflict
  • group dynamics
  • imbalance
  • influence
  • nonverbal communication
  • systems theory
  • tension


  • Copies of quiz
  • Copies of the lesson
  • Role assignment cards (see Group Discussion Activity)
  • Paper
  • Pencils

Video & Discussion Questions

  • Preview vocabulary with students prior to watching the lesson.

Watch What are Group Dynamics? - Definition & Theory as a class, and discuss the following questions:

    • What are group dynamics?
    • What are ways that members of a group express their thoughts and feelings?
    • What is systems theory?
    • According to systems theory, what is the best way to understand group interactions?
    • What are some factors that determine which group member(s) hold more power within a group?
    • How does caretaking affect a group member's ability to get their needs met?
    • How do coalitions negatively impact the effectiveness of a group?
  • Ask if there are any questions, then give the students the lesson's printable worksheet to check for understanding.
  • Check the answers as a class.


Group Discussion

Materials needed: copy of lesson, paper, pencil, role assignment cards prepared as follows:

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