Guinea Pig Facts: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Mary Grace Miller

Mary Grace has taught first grade for 8 years and has a Bachelor's degree in Elementary Education and is licensed in ESL.

This lesson will provide all the information you need to know about guinea pigs - and then some! Learn about what type of animal a guinea pig is, how to care for a pet guinea pig, and other cool facts about this furry little critter!

The Guinea Pig

Hooray! Your parents tell you that you're old enough to get your first pet! You can't decide between a rabbit, a fish, and a guinea pig, so you decide to do some research to help you choose. This lesson will teach you all about guinea pigs so you have lots of information to help you make your choice.

A guinea pig
guinea pig

Guinea pigs are small, furry rodents that humans have domesticated to keep as pets. Rodents are a type of mammal that all have large, sharp front teeth that never stop growing. While rodents come in all sizes, Guinea pigs are very small! They weigh between two and three pounds and are less than one foot long. They can be lots of different colors like brown, black, white, and grey. They can have short or long hair. They usually live for 4-5 years but can live to be as old as 8 years.

Guinea Pig Food

Guinea pigs eat some of the same food as people! They like to eat hay and grass as their main food sources, but they love to eat fruits and vegetables as a special treat. Pet guinea pigs will often eat a type of food made especially for them called pellets. You can buy pellets at the pet food store and this food has all of the vitamins and minerals that guinea pigs need to keep them healthy. There are some foods that cause guinea pigs to get sick, such as candy, chocolate, spinach, lettuce, and potatoes.

Caring for a Guinea Pig

Guinea pigs are really popular pets. They were domesticated almost 500 years ago when European traders brought them to America. To be a responsible pet owner, make sure you give your pet food and water every day. You should keep your guinea pig in a cage to make sure it is safe, but you need to clean the cage every week. Guinea pigs love people and need lots of exercise, so make sure you take it out of its cage to play and be held every day!

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