Dan has taught college Nutrition and Anatomy courses for over 5 years. He has a B.S. in Exercise Physiology from Furman University and a M.S. in Dietetics & Nutrition from Florida International University. He is a Registered Dietitian (RD) and a Certified Exercise Physiologist (EP-C)
Think about your all-time favorite food. Maybe its pizza or ice cream or chocolate. Now think about biting into this food and having the amazing taste of this food fill your mouth. I bet your mouth is starting to water just thinking about it!
Tasting a favorite food is one of the best pleasures a person can experience, and you can thank your gustatory cortex for this pleasure. The gustatory cortex is the area of the brain responsible for the sensation of taste. Taste is the result of a complex network of nerves and nerve impulses that travel between the mouth and brain.
Gustatory Cortex: Location
The gustatory cortex is located in cerebral cortex, which is the outer part of the brain. The gustatory cortex is made up of two small substructures that are found in two different lobes of the brain. These substructures are the anterior insula, located on the insular lobe, and the frontal operculum, on the frontal lobe. The insular lobe is found deep within the cerebral cortex, located under the frontal, parietal, and temporal lobes. The frontal lobe is located at the front of the brain, directly behind the forehead.
Gustatory Cortex: Function
As mentioned earlier, the gustatory cortex functions to give a person the perception of taste. The gustatory cortex works with the taste buds to create the taste sensation. The tongue is covered with taste buds, and taste buds in different areas of the tongue sense different types of flavors. For example, the taste buds for sweet tastes are located mostly near the tip of the tongue, while taste buds for bitter tastes are located near the back of the tongue.
There are a total of five different types of flavors, or tastes:
- Savory, or umani
When a person eats a particular food, the food comes in contact with these different types of taste buds. For example, when the taste buds located at the front of the tongue sense something that is sweet, like candy, it will send an electrical impulse to the gustatory cortex of the brain. Once the brain receives this electrical impulse, it will cause the person to perceive the sweet taste. This same process occurs with all the various types and combinations of flavors and tastes.
The gustatory cortex is the area of the brain responsible for the sensation of taste. The gustatory cortex is made up of two smaller substructures, the anterior insula and the frontal operculum. These substructures are found in the insular and the frontal lobes of the brain.
The gustatory cortex works with the taste buds on the tongue to create the perception of taste. Taste buds located on different parts of the tongue are used to sense different types of tastes. Once food comes in contact with the taste buds, the tongue will send an electrical impulse to the gustatory cortex, which then gives the person the sense of taste.
To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member.
Create your account
Register to view this lesson
Unlock Your Education
See for yourself why 30 million people use Study.com
Become a Study.com member and start learning now.Become a Member
Already a member? Log InBack