Hacer Conjugation: Command & Imperfect

Instructor: Elena Sacramento Lechado

Elena has a PhD in linguistics from University of La Laguna (Spain). Currently, she teaches Spanish as a foreign language and creates teaching resources.

This lesson covers the Spanish verb ''hacer'', which means 'to do' or 'to make'. We will learn how to give commands with it (i.e. in the imperative) and how to talk about past habits (using the imperfect) by using the verb in context.

Using the Verb Hacer

What did you do for fun when you were a child? Did you practice any sports or take part in group activities? And what about now? Do you like going on outings or organizing parties? In order to talk about these topics in Spanish, you will need the verb hacer, which means 'to do' or 'to make'. Hacer is a frequently used verb, so it will be worth learning the basic contexts in which it may appear.

Basic Contexts of Hacer

Hacer is a multi-purpose verb, so we will find it in many situations and contexts. Let's take a look at the basic ones:

  • We can use hacer with the meaning of 'to do' or 'to perform an action'. It is used with activities or chores: hacer los deberes ('to do homework'), hacer la cama ('to make the bed').
  • Hacer also means to do or practice an activity or sport: hacer ejercicio ('to do exercise'), hacer yoga ('to do yoga').
  • Another basic meaning is 'to make', in the sense of 'to prepare' or 'to elaborate': hacer la comida ('to prepare food'), hacer galletas ('to make cookies'), hacer una fiesta ('to hold a party').

Hacer ejercicio = To do exercise

Imperative of Hacer

We use the imperative to give orders or commands. Also, the first person plural is normally used to make suggestions.

Notice that we use the irregular stem hag- for the formal subject pronouns (usted and ustedes) and the first person plural (nosotros) and the stem hac- for the second person plural (vosotros). The imperative form for the second person singular (), however, is irregular, and the c from the stem changes into z.

Let's take a look at the imperative forms and their spelling.

VERB: hacer (ah-SEHR) - to do/make

Subject Pronouns Hacer: Imperative Pronunciation Translation
haz ahs (you) do/make
usted haga AH-gah (you formal) do/make
nosotros/nosotras hagamos ah-GAH-mohs (we) let's do/make
vosotros/vosotras haced ah-GIYS (you all) do/make
ustedes hagan AH-gahn (you all) formal do/make

Example Conversation

Noelia has just decided to organize a Halloween party and she can't wait to start planning it. She texts her best friends, Carmen and Nuria.

Noelia: ¡Chicas, hagamos una fiesta de Halloween! ('Girl, let's have a Halloween party!')

Carmen: ¡Buena idea! ('Good idea!') Siempre he querido organizar una. ('I've always wanted to organize one.')

Noelia: Yo me encargo de los artículos de decoración. ('I'll be in charge of decoration items.') Haced la compra vosotras. ('Both of you do the shopping.')

Nuria: ¡Vale! ('Ok!') Hagamos la lista: perritos calientes, refrescos, golosinas‚Ķ ('Let's do the list: hot dogs, soft drinks, candy‚Ķ')

Noelia: Carmen, haz tú las galletas, que siempre te quedan muy ricas. ('Carmen, you make the cookies, which are always very tasty.')

Hacer galletas = To make cookies

Imperfect of Hacer

The imperfect is one of the past tenses in Spanish. We use it when talking about actions or habits that used to happen at some point in the past. So we will need it to describe past activities or to talk about our childhood and memories.

In order to form this tense, we take the stem hac- and add the corresponding endings depending on the subject pronoun. Notice that for -ER/-IR verbs, all the endings start with -ía.

VERB: hacer (ah-SEHR) - to do/make

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