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Health Policy Resources: Financial & Administrative

Instructor: Alexandra Unfried

Alexandra earned her master's degree in nursing education and is currently a hospital supervisor/administrator.

Health policies are important to public health and general health care. This lesson will discuss financial and administrative resources for health policies.

Sharing Information and Resources

Carla is a nurse at the National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR). She is working with her colleagues to improve resources for end-of-life care for patients with terminal illnesses. Her research team has come up with a system to bring family members together and talk with a designated end-of-life healthcare team that can help the patient and family members discuss options for where to stay, what to expect, and what treatments will still be provided.

Carla is working on a presentation to submit to the Oncology Nursing Society (ONS) to work together to come up with a health policy so terminal cancer patients have better options. Carla begins by reviewing the process for creating a health policy.

Health Policy

Health policy is used to plan and implement specific health care goals to improve the health of the public. Health policy often focuses on different groups of people to help specific health care issues. Health policy is created using determinants of health which include individual characteristics, medical care, health status and environment. Each of these determinants is influenced by socioeconomic status, access to medical care, health care costs, genetics, gender and education.

Carla's team is focusing on patients who need end-of-life care, which takes into account their access to medical care, where they live, and what kind of support system they have. The ability of the patients to take care of themselves or their need for additional medical services depends on influences such as insurance coverage, transportation access, level of education and income. These issues will help decide what type of end-of-life care will suit the patient and what needs to be included in the health policy.

Organizations that are researching, developing and implementing health policy rely on financial and administrative resources to make their policies successful. The NINR is part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and is funded by the government. They support their own research as well as provide grants to other organizations working on their own health policies. In Carla's case, she has used federal funds to begin her research about end-of-life care and is now looking to collaborate with the ONS to further her research, build ideas and obtain additional funds.

The National Institutes of Health provides grants to organizations
The National Insitutes of Health provides grants to organizations

Financial Resources for Health Policy

Financial resources are often granted by the government, private organizations and universities. Money is granted from different areas depending on the types of projects and groups of people that the health policy is centered around. Since Carla has used up her government funding, she is hoping that the NINR and the ONS can apply for a grant from a university's public health department. This will allow them to create a research project to determine the needs of patients who require end-of-life care.

They will also rely on stakeholders to help them discuss the health policy once it is formed. Stakeholders are people who take a special interest in a topic and will help provide financial support or marketing support to get the word out about the topic.

Financial resources help support health policy
Financial resources help support health policy

Administrative Resources for Health Policy

Other important resources to use for health policies are administrative resources, which can be achieved by contacting various organizations. The government is full of departments and there are also many nonprofit organizations that offer support. The NINR, ONS and NIH have already been discussed. Other examples of agencies include:

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