Health Policy Types: Regulatory & Allocation

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  • 0:04 Getting Involved
  • 0:33 What Are Health Policies?
  • 1:20 Regulatory Health Policy
  • 1:47 Allocative Health Policy
  • 2:48 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Alexandra Unfried

Alexandra earned her master's degree in nursing education and is currently a hospital supervisor/administrator.

Health policies are associated with influences on health, both for individuals and for large groups of people. This lesson will discuss regulatory and allocative health policies.

Getting Involved

Roger has been a nurse for two years. He's starting to get comfortable at his job and realizing that there are inefficiencies. He has ideas about how to make changes, but his hospital administration has told him that many of their practices are based on health policies that are out of their control. Roger is now asking his local nursing organization what he can do to make a difference in health policy. Suzie, one of the nurse leaders in the nursing organization, is going to help Roger get more involved. She begins by explaining what health policies are and who they affect.

What Are Health Policies?

Health policies are created to influence health achievements and goals. Legislation directly or indirectly impacts health framework that manipulates socioeconomic status, social and physical environments, behaviors, and ease of access and ease of use to medical services. Health policies play a role in many different areas, including:

  • Physicians
  • People in poverty
  • Elderly
  • Children
  • Medical service employers
  • Nursing homes
  • Medical schools
  • Medical technology companies
  • Health maintenance organizations (HMOs)

Hospitals are affected by health policies
Hospitals and nursing homes are affected by health policies

Roger now understands why it can be difficult to make changes to health policy, especially if he is only thinking of his employer and the problems at his hospital. One change that may help his hospital can affect many other different healthcare organizations. Roger asks Suzie to explain the different types of health policies.

Regulatory Health Policy

Regulatory health policies are used by the government to standardize and control types of behavior of specific groups. The government does this by monitoring and enforcing consequences when policies are not followed. An example of a public regulatory health policy is requiring medical professionals to be licensed in order to work. An example of a private regulatory health policy is the accreditation process that hospitals follow through various organizations to ensure standards are being met.

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