Heart Disease Lesson for Kids: Facts & Information

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  • 0:04 Heart Health & Disease
  • 0:34 Types of Heart Disease
  • 1:21 Heart Disease Causes
  • 2:21 Heart Disease Symptoms
  • 2:53 Heart Disease Prevention
  • 3:12 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Mary Beth Burns

Mary Beth has taught 1st, 4th and 5th grade and has a specialist degree in Educational Leadership. She is currently an assistant principal.

Did you know that heart disease affects hundreds of thousands of Americans every year? Come and learn about what heart disease is, its causes, symptoms and what you can do to prevent heart disease.

Heart Health & Disease

Do you know what disease more than 600,000 Americans suffer from every year? If you guessed heart disease, you are correct. That number is a very large number! Heart disease is a leading cause of death in Americans, as of the year 2016. It can also be called cardiovascular disease, or heart disease. Your heart is very important, right? It pumps blood to the rest of your body. You need your heart to stay alive.

Types of Heart Disease

All right, let's kick things off by looking at the most common types of heart disease, one at a time:

1. Angina

One of the more mild types of heart disease is called angina. Angina is strong chest pain that can spread to the shoulders, chest, and arms. This takes place when the heart is not getting enough blood.

2. Heart Failure

Another example of heart disease is heart failure. This doesn't mean that you don't have a heartbeat! It means that your heart isn't pumping blood well enough for your body.

3. Heart Attack

A more serious example of heart disease is a heart attack. This occurs when a blood clot blocks the blood from getting to the heart. After a heart attack, part or all of the heart muscle can die.

Heart Disease Causes

Heart disease is caused by a person's arteries getting clogged by fat and other plaque. Arteries are tiny tubes that connect a person's heart to the rest of his or her body. Think about it like this. Imagine that you walk down a street to get to the bus stop for school. When the road is clear, this is a pretty easy walk. Over time, the street begins to get filled with garbage. At first, this only makes your walk a little more difficult. As the garbage continues to pile up, it becomes impossible for you to get to the bus stop. The same thing occurs for your heart. The more plaque that builds up in your arteries, the more difficult it is for your heart to pump blood to the rest of your body.

You cannot catch heart disease from another person, like the common cold.

Here are things that make heart disease more likely:

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