Login
Copyright

Types of Heating & Cooling Systems

An error occurred trying to load this video.

Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support.

Coming up next: Solar Energy: Understanding Active and Passive Solar Heating

You're on a roll. Keep up the good work!

Take Quiz Watch Next Lesson
 Replay
Your next lesson will play in 10 seconds
  • 0:01 Heating & Cooling Systems
  • 0:33 Forced Air
  • 2:04 Radiant Heat
  • 3:36 Baseboard Heat
  • 4:53 Geothermal
  • 6:11 Lesson Summary
Add to Add to Add to

Want to watch this again later?

Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course.

Login or Sign up

Timeline
Autoplay
Autoplay
Create an account to start this course today
Try it free for 5 days!
Create An Account

Recommended Lessons and Courses for You

Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Rebecca Gillaspy

Dr. Gillaspy has taught health science at University of Phoenix and Ashford University and has a degree from Palmer College of Chiropractic.

You can choose from a number of different heating and cooling systems to make your home comfortable to live in. Watch this video to learn about the advantages and disadvantages of forced air, radiant heat, baseboard heat and geothermal systems.

Heating & Cooling Systems

Someday I would love to build a new home. Because I live in the northern half of the United States, my home will need a system for both heating and cooling. There are a number of different options for me to choose from, including forced air, radiant heat, baseboard heat and geothermal systems. Each comes with advantages and disadvantages. Let's take a look at some of the different heating and cooling options and see which one would fit my new dream home best.

Forced Air

One popular heating and cooling option is a forced air system. This option uses a furnace to force air through ductwork and registers. The furnace heats air, which is then blown through ductwork installed in the house. Ductwork is a system of channels or pipes known as ducts, which move air throughout various rooms.

The ductwork leads to registers, which are small vents within the different rooms. The furnace would need a fuel source, which could be anything from electricity, natural gas, propane or oil.

I think I would like a forced air system because of its advantages. For instance, it takes care of both heating and cooling, and the system humidifies and dehumidifies the air, which makes the home more comfortable. I also like that it's a bit less expensive to install than some of the other options.

Of course, there are some disadvantages to forced air systems. For one, the ductwork requires space in the walls, beneath floors or above ceilings. Figuring out where to put the ductwork will take some extra planning in my new home, but at least it won't be as bad as trying to install or replace ductwork in an older home. Another thing I might not like is that forced air systems can be noisy and increase air pollutants because the air and dust is pushed through the ducts by a blower or fan. Maybe it would be good to look at other option for my new home.

Radiant Heat

Radiant heat might be a cozy option for a new home. Radiant heat uses the radiation of heat from a surface to heat an area. Radiant heat is much like the warmth we feel from the sun as it radiates toward earth. This type of system can supply heat directly to panels in the floors, walls or ceiling of a home.

Although radiant heat panels can be heated with electricity, a popular radiant heat system used in a home distributes heat through in-floor hot water tubing. The hot water running through the tubes is heated by a boiler that runs on electricity, natural gas, propane, oil, wood or solar.

Radiant heat sounds wonderful. Many people think it's the best option because it's comfortable heat that's evenly distributed through the home. However, I don't think I would go with radiant heat, because the disadvantages are more than I want to deal with. Specifically, I wouldn't like it because it's expensive to install and maintain due to the fact that the hardware is found under the floors or behind walls. Radiant heat also takes a long time to heat a room because you need to wait for the tubing to heat up first. And I think the biggest disadvantage with radiant heat is the fact that it's not a cooling system. Therefore, I would need to go through the additional expense of adding an air conditioner unit as well as ductwork to move the cool air around the house.

Baseboard Heat

Because I want my heating and cooling combined in one system, I would not be happy with baseboard heat. Baseboard heating systems utilize heating elements hidden inside panels that run along the baseboards of the walls. These systems can run on electricity or utilize heated water, which is the case with a hydronic system. Do you see the prefix 'hydro' in this term? That stands for water, and we see that a hydronic baseboard heating system uses hot water baseboards to radiate heat into an area. As with radiant heat, a hydronic system heats water in a boiler that can run on electricity, natural gas, propane, oil, wood or solar. The hot water is then circulated through tubes within the baseboard heating units that sit at the base of the walls within different rooms of the home.

I like baseboard heat because it's quiet and energy efficient. However, the fact that it's not a cooling system, and that it takes a long time to heat a room, will keep me from installing this type of system. Another disadvantage is that the baseboards cannot be blocked; this presents a problem with decorating because I would need to make sure that there is no furniture placed in front of the units.

To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member.
Create your account

Register for a free trial

Are you a student or a teacher?
I am a teacher

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use Study.com

Become a Study.com member and start learning now.
Become a Member  Back

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 95 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 2,000 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Create an account to start this course today
Try it free for 5 days!
Create An Account
Support