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Hedgehog Lesson Plan for Elementary School

Instructor: Maria Airth

Maria has a Doctorate of Education and over 20 years of experience teaching psychology and math related courses at the university level.

This lesson plan offers your students general information about hedgehogs. Students will participate in class and small group discussion as well as games and art projects.

Learning Objectives

After this lesson, students will be able to:

  • Identify a hedgehog
  • List up to five facts about hedgehogs
  • Define mammal, hibernate, and carnivore

Length

1 Hour

Curriculum Standards

  • CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.2.1

Ask and answer such questions as who, what, where, when, why, and how to demonstrate understanding of key details in a text.

  • CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.2.3

Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.

  • CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.2.2

Recount or describe key ideas or details from a text read aloud or information presented orally or through other media.

Key Terms

  • Mammal
  • Carnivore
  • Hibernate

Materials

  • Printed copies of the text lesson Hedgehog Facts: Lesson for Kids and hard copies of the lesson quiz
  • Enlarged prints of the images in the lesson
  • Alphabet cards to form these and any other related words (five sets of words with distractors):
    • Hibernate
    • Hedgehog
    • Carnivore
    • Europe
    • Asia
    • Mammal
    • Warm-blooded
    • Protect
    • Spikes
    • Poisonous
    • Prickle
  • Poster board
  • Art supplies including:
    • Pictures of hedgehogs to cut and paste
    • Glue
    • Markers
    • Art paper

Warm-up

  • Display the images of hedgehogs and ask your student if they know what it is. You may get the answer porcupine. You may want to point out that porcupines are native to many continents and are much larger with longer quills than hedgehogs.
  • Ask your students what questions they have about hedgehogs. Guide them to these major categories:
    • Description
    • Where they live
    • What they eat
    • General facts
  • Draw a large circle on the board and write the word hedgehog in the circle.
  • Now draw four lines connecting the center circle to four smaller circles. Write the four major categories in these smaller circles.
  • Tell your students this is the beginning of a mind map that they will build to organize information from the lesson in a visual way.
  • Instruct students to copy the mind map from the board leaving plenty of room to add more information later.

Instruction

  • Hand out the copies of the text lesson Hedgehog Facts: Lesson for Kids.
  • Read the introduction to your students and then ask for volunteers to read each consecutive section or paragraph, depending on the skill level of your students.
  • After each section, discuss:
    • What information was important in this section?
    • What should we add to our mind map?
    • Where should we put it?
  • Update the board mind map and instruct students to update their own mind maps after each section.
  • After the 'Lesson Summary', have a final class discussion:
    • Where can you find hedgehogs in the wild?
    • What does it mean to hibernate?
    • What do hedgehogs eat? Which makes them what?
    • Why are hedgehogs considered mammals?
    • What do you think is the most interesting fact about hedgehogs?
  • Hand out the lesson quiz. Go over each question and answer with the class after they have finished it.

Activities

Life Size Word Search- Active Game

Materials

  • Alphabet cards

Preparation

  • You will need a large clear area for students to use.

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