Himalayas Facts: Lesson for Kids

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  • 0:04 Tallest Mountain in the World
  • 0:30 How They Were Made
  • 1:19 Himalayas Land &…
  • 2:15 The Legend of the Yeti
  • 2:48 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Claire DeSaussure

Claire has worked in behavioral programs at the Elementary Level and has an MLS with a focus on Creative Writing.

The Himalayas are a mountain range in Asia. The countries of Nepal, Tibet, Bhutan, India, Afghanistan, and Pakistan are in the Himalayan region. The Himalayas are home to most of the tallest mountains on Earth.

Tallest Mountain in the World

I'm almost certain you've heard of Mount Everest, known as the tallest mountain in the world. Climbers spend years preparing to scale this mighty chunk of rock and ice. Everest is so high that most climbers need oxygen, which is a pure part of the air we breathe, to make it to the top, and lots of climbers have to stop before they get there.

But, did you know that Everest is part of a mountain range called the Himalayas? Also, did you know that the Himalayas are said to be the home of a monster?

How They Were Made

The Himalayas were made by plate tectonics, which sounds like a fancy term, but it's actually easy to understand. The earth's surface is made up of large pieces of land. When the pieces move slightly, they sometimes bump into each other, which is basically what plate tectonics is. So when these plates bump, one piece of land is forced underneath the other, and this makes the piece on top go higher, and eventually this lifting forms mountains. This process made Everest grow to 29,000 feet high!

The shifting that formed the Himalayas began in the Jurassic period - it makes you wonder what the dinosaurs thought of the earth moving under their feet? But like the case with us, they probably couldn't feel anything because plate tectonics are basically imperceptible to anyone living on the earth's surface - that is until an earthquake hits, which is extreme example of how plate tectonics work.

Himalayas Land & Climate Features

The word Himalayas means 'home of snow,' but most of the Himalayas are lower than the parts that are always snow-covered. The Himalayas aren't just ice; they 're home to forests and grasslands. As you travel down the mountains, the temperatures get warmer, and the snow melts. The Himalayas are the source (where rivers start) of important rivers in Asia, such as the Ganges and the Yangtze. The forests and grasslands are home to many different kinds of animals and plants.

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