HIV Lesson Plan

Instructor: Dana Dance-Schissel

Dana teaches social sciences at the college level and English and psychology at the high school level. She has master's degrees in applied, clinical and community psychology.

What do your students know about HIV? Text and video lessons provide key facts and a small group activity gives students a chance to discover more. Related lessons and extensions are included for ongoing instruction.

Learning Objectives

Upon completion of this lesson, students will be able to:

  • define HIV
  • explain the connection between HIV and AIDS
  • discuss the origin and causes of HIV
  • outline treatment options for those infected with HIV


1 to 2 hours

Curriculum Standards


Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source; provide an accurate summary of how key events or ideas develop over the course of the text.


Analyze in detail a series of events described in a text; determine whether earlier events caused later ones or simply preceded them.


Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including vocabulary describing political, social, or economic aspects of history/social science.


Integrate quantitative or technical analysis (e.g., charts, research data) with qualitative analysis in print or digital text.


Compare and contrast treatments of the same topic in several primary and secondary sources.

Key Vocabulary

  • HIV
  • AIDS
  • Reverse transcriptase inhibitors
  • HIV protease inhibitors
  • Antiretroviral therapy


  • Begin by asking students what HIV is.
  • Write their ideas on the board.
  • Now have them read the introduction, 'HIV and AIDS,' and 'Origin' sections of the text lesson HIV & AIDS: History, Spread & Threat.
  • Review what was presented in the lesson and what is written on the board. What was new information? Discuss this briefly as a class.
  • Ask students how they think HIV is spread, again writing their ideas on the board.
  • Have the class read the rest of text lesson now.
  • Review the points provided in the lesson regarding the spread and incidence of HIV before moving on.

Discussion Questions

  • Based on what we learned about transmission, what can we do to prevent infection?
  • Is HIV considered a risk for those who are sexually active?

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