Horticulture Lesson Plan

Instructor: John Hamilton

John has tutored algebra and SAT Prep and has a B.A. degree with a major in psychology and a minor in mathematics from Christopher Newport University.

Educate your students about horticulture with this helpful lesson plan. They will be studying a text lesson, taking a follow-up quiz to test their comprehension, and participating in three hands-on activities.

Learning Objectives

After studying this lesson, your students will be able to:

  • Define the branch of horticulture
  • Explain how post harvest production works
  • Name some of the branches of horticulture


1-1.5 Hours


  • Colored markers
  • Copies of the text lesson Horticulture: Definition & Branches along with the related lesson quiz, one per student
  • Internet access
  • Poster board, one large sheet per student
  • Preprinted worksheets with 15 horticulture terms and 15 corresponding definitions, but not in order
  • Seeds
  • Seed trays
  • Watering can

Key Vocabulary

  • Agriculture
  • Floriculture
  • Landscaping
  • Pomology
  • Post harvest activity
  • Olericulture

Curriculum Standards


Determine the central ideas or conclusions of a text; provide an accurate summary of the text distinct from prior knowledge or opinions.


Follow precisely a multistep procedure when carrying out experiments, taking measurements, or performing technical tasks.


Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical context relevant to grades 6-8 texts and topics.


  • Inform your students they will be learning about horticulture.
  • Ask them if anyone is familiar with the subject.
  • Review the vocabulary terms.
  • Pass out copies of the text lesson Horticulture: Definition & Branches.
  • Read the introduction and the first section, 'A Variety of Plants.'
    • Of what is horticulture a subset?
    • What is the definition of horticulture?
    • What is included in the branch known as horticulture?
  • Next read the section 'Fruits of Many Colors.'
    • What is the definition of pomology?
    • Does it include the entire life cycle of fruit plants?
  • Now read the section 'Vegetables Galore.'
    • What is the definition of olericulture?
    • Does it include the entire life cycle of vegetable plants?
  • Next read the section 'Ornamental Plants.'
    • What is the definition of floriculture?
    • Floriculture is often tied in with what other branch?
  • Now read the section 'Spices and Plantation Crops.'
    • What are some examples of spices?
    • What are some examples of plantation crops?
    • Are spices and plantation crops always grouped together?
  • Next read the section 'Medicinal and Aromatic Plants.'
    • Aspirin is derived from the bark of what tree?
    • What is an example of an aromatic plant?
  • Now read the section 'Other Items.'
    • Can you name three items that are difficult to categorize?
  • Next read the section 'After the Harvest.'
    • What are some aspects of post harvest activity?
  • Lastly, read the 'Lesson Summary' section, recap the lesson in its entirety, and answer any questions posed by the students.
  • Have your students take the related lesson quiz to demonstrate their grasp of the material.

Activity One

  • Inform your students they are going to create drawings of their favorite plants.
  • Divide the class up into pairs.
  • Hand out colored markers and one large sheet of poster board for each student.
    • You can turn your poster board vertically or horizontally.
    • Draw any fruit, vegetable, tree, or other type of plant that is your favorite.
    • You can also draw any background around your plant that you wish, including buildings, fields, or beaches.
  • Lastly, have the students share their creations with the whole class.

Activity Two

  • Explain to your students they will be starting their very own plants from seeds.
  • Have your students remain in pairs.
  • Pass out seed packets and seed trays.
    • Plant your seeds.
    • Water your seeds.
    • Place your seeds on the ledge near the window.
  • Have your students watch their seeds daily as they grow. Eventually, the students can take them home and transplant them to their yards.

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