Suzanne has taught all levels PK-graduate school and has a PhD in Instructional Systems Design. She currently teachers literacy courses to preservice and inservice teachers.
As a result of this lesson, students will be able to:
- understand the difference between countable and uncountable nouns
- relate the use of 'How much' and 'How many' to countable and uncountable nouns
- form grammatically correct sentences
- hold discussions with peers
- ELP 6-8.2
An ELL can participate in grade-appropriate oral and written exchanges of information, ideas, and analyses, responding to peer, audience or reader comments and questions.
- ELP 6-8.7
An ELL can adapt language choices to purpose, task and audience when speaking and writing.
- ELP 6-8.9
An ELL can create clear and coherent grade-appropriate speech and text.
- ELP 6-8.10
An ELL can make accurate use of standard English to communicate in grade-appropriate speech and writing.
- Whiteboard or blackboard
- 2 cards with phrases on them: countable nouns, uncountable nouns
- List of nouns (1 handout per student)
- Countable noun
- Uncountable noun
- To introduce the lesson, write the phrases, 'How much' and 'How many' on the board.
- Ask the students if any of them have trouble with these phrases. Explain that there is an easy way to know whether to use 'much' or 'many,' and they will learn that in today's lesson.
- Write a list of items on the board that are all countable nouns, such as: dogs, hats, markers, books.
- Write a second list of items on the board that is all uncountable nouns, such as: time, love, music, air
- Ask the students to read the words in both lists and see if they can figure out what the items all have in common. After a minute, hold up a card with the phrase, 'countable nouns' and one with the phrase, 'uncountable nouns.' Read the phrases for the students and discuss what 'countable' means. Ask the students which card should be used to label the first list and which should be used to label the second list.
- Show the students that many countable nouns (but not all of them) end in -s. They are things that you can count. Uncountable nouns cannot be counted.
- Give each student a handout of a list of nouns. Include both countable and uncountable nouns on the list. Have the students cut the lists apart and sort the words into piles for countable and uncountable nouns.
- After the students have had time to sort their words, put them in pairs to compare their responses. Tell them to put aside any word on which they don't agree.
- After the students are finished comparing, discuss all the words that caused them confusion.
- Above the phrase, 'countable nouns' on the board, write the phrase, 'How many …' Above the phrase, 'uncountable nouns' on the board, write the phrase, 'How much…'
- Tell the students that when they are asking about the amount or quantity of a noun, they need to think about whether the noun is a countable or uncountable noun. When asking about countable nouns, we always use 'How many.' When asking about uncountable nouns, we always use, 'How much.'
- Using the words on the lists on the board, have the students come up with sentences starting with 'How many' or 'How much' for each word.
- Have the students mix up the piles of the words they sorted earlier, and turn the words upside down so they can't see the word. Pair the students up, and have them use just one set of words for the activity.
- Each student takes a word from the pile, and must say whether it is a countable noun or an uncountable noun. Then s/he must use the word in a sentence that starts with either 'How much' or 'How many.'
- The other student listens and gives feedback as to whether the partner is correct.
- Develop role-playing scenarios in which the students visit the grocery store and must use the phrases 'How much' and 'How many.' Put the students in pairs or small groups for the role-playing scenarios.
- Extend the lesson to include matching the question with the correct verb, such as 'How many apples ARE in the basket' or 'How much music IS needed for the concert?'
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