How Plants Grow: Lesson for Kids

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  • 0:04 The Seed
  • 0:51 Photosynthesis
  • 1:57 Plant Parts
  • 2:22 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Debra Patuto

Debra has taught at elementary levels and has an M.ed with certification in elementary education and special education

There are many things that have to happen in order for a plant to grow. This lesson will teach you what to do to make sure your plant grows strong and healthy.

The Seed

Think about what people need in order to grow: healthy food, water, air, a warm place to live, and time. Plants need all of these things, too!

Inside of a plant's seed there is an embryo, which is what we call the baby plant. The embryo has a stem, leaves, and roots. When a seed gets planted into the ground, it will go through a growing process called germination. Germination happens inside the seed, and with just the right combination of soil, water, and sunlight (warmth), the embryo will start to grow.

Once the seed has germinated, the embryo will sprout and pop right out of the seed. The roots will grow down into the soil and start absorbing water and food from the soil, and the stem will shoot right up towards the sunlight. Once the leaves grow, the plant will be ready to start making food on its own.


One important difference between growing plants and growing children (as well as other living things) is that plants can make their own food. Sure, you can go into the kitchen and make a sandwich; that's making food. But can your body actually produce the food that you eat by itself? Plants can do this through a process called photosynthesis.

Photosynthesis is the process that plants use to breathe and to make food using sunlight. Think about how humans breathe. We take in oxygen through the air that we breathe in, and we breathe out carbon dioxide. Plants do just the opposite. They breathe in carbon dioxide and breathe out (or release) oxygen.

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