What do you do when you cannot find an author for the online article you're trying to cite? Look no further! In this lesson, you'll learn how to cite an online article with no author.
The Importance of Style
Building a bibliography for a research paper or essay? An important part of any research paper or essay is the bibliography because it tells the reader which sources you are getting information from and building your argument on. Also, readers of your bibliography should be able to use it to find the resources you used and read them for themselves.
Although there are some general rules for citing sources in your bibliography, most rules are specific to the style guide you use. A style guide is a manual of rules of how to cite, write, and format your essay or research paper. Different disciplines use different style guides, but three of the most common are the Chicago Manual of Style (Chicago Manual), the American Psychological Association (APA), and the Modern Language Association (MLA). We'll go over the online citations for these three styles in this lesson.
Citing an Online Article with No Author
There are three key elements in any style to citing an online article with no author: the article part, the online part, and the 'no author' part.
The article part includes the title of the publication and the title and publication information of the website on which the article appears. The online part consists of the access date and an indicator at the end of the citation of where the source was found online. This usually includes either the URL or the digital object identifier (DOI), a line of numbers and letters created by the International DOI Foundation that links to the article's location on the Internet and is assigned to the article by the publisher. The 'no author' part simply refers to the fact that there's no author. When no author can be found for an article, the citation omits the author's name. Here's the format to use to cite an online article with no author in your bibliography for each of the style guides.
Website Publisher. Date of Copyright. Title of Article. Accessed month day, year. DOI (digital object identifier number) or URL.
Title of Article or First Line of the Article. (Date of Publication). Retrieved from URL.
Title of Article. Title of Periodical, day month year of publication date, URL. Accessed day month year.
To be certain you cite sources properly for the situation, always ask the publisher, professor, or other entity using your writing what style to use for your citations and if any modifications to the style are required. The major style guides continue to update their guidelines. You will want to stay up to date on their latest formats.
In this lesson, we discussed citing online articles with no author. Always ask what style guide is required and if any modifications are preferred when you begin writing. Any style guide you use should have the correct content to tell your readers how to find the sources for themselves.