Connection Between Division and Multiplication
To get ready to solve any division by 4 problem, it is really important to understand the connection between multiplication and division. They are opposite operations, and both have to do with groups of equal size.
Multiplication
If you have 4 friends and you want to buy 2 cupcakes for each of them, you'll need to buy 8 cupcakes. Here, you are multiplying 4 friends by 2 cupcakes, which equals 8 cupcakes: 4 x 2 = 8.
Division
The opposite of multiplication is division. You have already bought 8 cupcakes. Now, you want to split them between 4 friends. To do this, you'll have to divide 8 cupcakes by 4 friends, which equals 2 cupcakes for each one: 8 / 4 = 2.
Division is the Opposite of Multiplication

How to Divide by 4
To divide by 4 means finding out how many 4s there are in your total number. In order to fully understand division by 4, it is really important to review what a table of 4 means.
Understanding a Table of 4

Now that we understand what we are doing when we divide by 4, let's practice with a real problem.
Imagine you have 36 apples, and you want to split them evenly into 4 boxes. How many apples will you put in each box?
To solve this problem, keep the following information in mind:
1. Multiplication and division are related, and you need the table of 4 to solve the problem.
2. The problem is asking you how many 4s there are in the number 36.
With this information in mind, you can solve the problem:
1. First, draw a picture of the situation that helps you understand what you are doing.
2. Then, find how many 4s there are in 36. You will need table of 4 to find that out.
3. Finally, write the answer (9).
Steps to Solving Division by 4 Problems

Lesson Summary
To divide by 4 means splitting something into 4 equal parts or 4 equal groups. A drawing will help you solve any division problem. Remember that division and multiplication are related, and you need to multiply to solve a division problem. Here is where a table of 4 can come in handy.