Copyright

How to Find a Prepositional Phrase

An error occurred trying to load this video.

Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support.

Coming up next: How to Find the Main Verb in a Sentence

You're on a roll. Keep up the good work!

Take Quiz Watch Next Lesson
 Replay
Your next lesson will play in 10 seconds
  • 0:04 What Is a Preposition?
  • 0:36 Prepositional Phrase…
  • 1:16 Prepositional Phrase Functions
  • 2:11 Finding Prepositional Phrases
  • 3:55 Lesson Summary
Save Save Save

Want to watch this again later?

Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course.

Log in or Sign up

Timeline
Autoplay
Autoplay
Speed Speed Audio mode

Recommended Lessons and Courses for You

Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Bethany Calderwood

Bethany has taught special education in grades PK-5 and has a master's degree in special education.

In English, words are classified by parts of speech. One part of speech is the preposition. In this lesson, you will learn about prepositions, prepositional phrases and how they are used in sentences.

What Is a Preposition?

Have you ever been to a family reunion where everyone wears nametags with words like aunt, uncle, cousin, grandma, and grandpa? These nametags express the relationships between the people at the reunion. Just as family titles are used to show people's relationships, a preposition is a word that relates. The job of a preposition is to show the relationship of two words in a sentence. Look at the illustration for some examples of prepositions. Notice that some prepositions are compound, which means they are made up of two or more words.


Examples of Prepositions.
prepositions


Prepositional Phrase Ingredients

A preposition will always appear in a prepositional phrase, so let's find out more about prepositional phrases. The prepositional phrase begins with a preposition and ends with its object.

The object of the preposition can be a noun, which is a person, place, thing, or idea. It can also be a word or a group of words acting as a noun, such as a pronoun, verb phrase or clause. The object of the preposition completes the phrase, often answering the question 'what.'

For example: He jumped on the bed. On what? On the bed.

A prepositional phrase can also have adjectives that modify the object.

Check out the prepositional phrases in the picture:


prepositional phrases


Prepositional Phrase Functions

The preposition relates words within the sentence. The prepositional phrase also performs a job in the sentence. You will find that prepositions can act either as adjectives or as adverbs in a sentence.

When a prepositional phrase is functioning as an adjective, it modifies or describes a noun or pronoun. When a prepositional phrase is used as an adjective, it is called an adjective phrase. It will answer one of these questions about the word it modifies:

  • What kind?
  • Which one?
  • How many?
  • How much?

When a prepositional phrase is functioning as an adverb, it modifies or describes a verb, adjective, or other adverb. Remember, a verb is a word that expresses action or being.

When a prepositional phrase is used as an adverb, it's called an adverb phrase. It will answer one of these questions about the word it modifies:

  • When?
  • Where?
  • In what manner?
  • To what extent?
  • Under what condition?
  • Why?

Finding Prepositional Phrases

Now that we have an idea about what prepositional phrases are, let's see how many prepositional phrases we can find in this excerpt from a cooking blog.

To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member.
Create your account

Register to view this lesson

Are you a student or a teacher?

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use Study.com

Become a Study.com member and start learning now.
Become a Member  Back
What teachers are saying about Study.com
Try it risk-free for 30 days

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Create an account to start this course today
Try it risk-free for 30 days!
Create an account
Support