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Math for Kids23 chapters | 325 lessons

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Instructor:
*Trisha Fyfe*

Trisha has taught college and K-12 English, reading, writing, and math. She has a master's degree in teaching.

Look around you; measurements are everywhere! We measure the length and height of things all the time. The area of a shape is another important measurement to understand. In this lesson, we will explore the steps to finding the area of triangles.

Sometimes we need to determine the measurement of the space inside the borders of a shape, not just the distance around the shape. The distance around the edges of a shape is the **perimeter**. The measurement, or size, of a surface on a shape is called the **area**. The area includes any space that is inside the borders of this surface. You can find the area of any shape: squares, rectangles, circles, triangles, and even some really funny looking shapes.

To find the area of a shape, we need to know which formula to use. Formulas are used all the time in math, and they are really important to know. The formula for finding the area of a triangle is *A* = ½ *bh*. This means that we multiply ½ times the base of the triangle (*b*) times the height of the triangle (*h*) to get the area of the triangle (*A*).

Let's give it a try. Practice makes perfect, right? Say you are measuring out how much fabric will be needed to make a triangular sail for a sailboat. The base for the triangle is 6 feet and the height is 3 feet. Can you figure out how much square feet of fabric will be needed?

While the formula starts with ½ , this doesn't mean we have to start with this number. In multiplication we can multiply the numbers in any order and still get the same answer. So, first let's multiply 6 x 3 = 18. Next, we multiply this number (18) by ½.

Here's the thing though, multiplying any number by ½ just means you are dividing this number by 2. This is helpful to know if you haven't practiced multiplying by fractions quite yet! We divide our first number (18) by 2 (18 ÷ 2 = 9). We need 9 square feet of fabric for this sail.

Let's try another one! You decide you want to build a table. But not just any table, a table in the shape of a triangle. You are ready to get to work, but first need to know how much paint you will need. You need to measure the area of the triangular surface. If your triangle has a base of 4 feet and a height of 3 feet, what will the area be for the surface of the triangle?

Did you get 6 square feet? If so, great job! To find this area, we need to use our formula: *A* = ½ *bh*. If our base is 4 and our height is 3, we multiply these (4 x 3 = 12). Then we multiply times this number by ½. Remember, this really means that we divide by 2. So, 12 ÷ 2 = 6. We need 6 square feet of paint.

In review, the **area** is the measurement between the borders of a shape's surface. The formula for finding the area of a triangle is *A* = ½ *bh*. This means that we multiply ½ times the base times the height to get the area of the triangle.

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19 in chapter 2 of the course:

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Math for Kids23 chapters | 325 lessons

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