# How to Graph Weather Patterns: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Corrie Boone

Corrie holds master's in elementary education, taught elementary ESL in the public schools for 5 years, and recently was teaching EFL abroad.

In this lesson, you will learn how to create different graphs and tables to investigate data about the weather. Once you have learned how to graph the weather, you will be able to take the information learned in this lesson and apply it to many other aspects of life, like how many of each Lego it takes to build a robot! Your imagination is the only limitation!

## Why are graphs and tables useful?

Take a look outside. What's the weather like today? Is the sun shining? Or is it raining? Is the wind blowing? Have you ever wondered how many days it rained last month? Or which direction the wind is blowing? Graphs and tables are great ways to track the weather to answer those questions! Let's learn how to develop different graphs and tables to track the weather.

## Creating a Bar Graph

As you can probably guess by the name, a bar graph uses bars to represent data. Other important parts of the graph are the title, units, and labels. Every graph must have a title to tell what information can be found within. For example, let's say you wanted to collect data to figure out the average temperature for last month. The title could be 'Average Temperature for October'.

The next important part are units. The example graph's units are 'date' and 'temperature'. You put the date (1st, 2nd, 3rd, etc.) across the bottom, (x-axis), and the temperature (60, 65, 70, etc.) up the side, (y-axis). Every graph you create will need units for both the x- and y-axes.

To ensure your graph is easy to understand, you'll need to label your units. The example graph's labels are 'Days of the Month' and 'Temperature'.

Now you're ready to collect your data! The next step is to record the temperature every day. At the end of the month, you can calculate the average temperature easily using your bar graph.

## Creating a Pictograph

Another type of graph used to collect data is a pictograph, which uses pictures to represent data. Much like a bar graph, a pictograph has some important parts: a title, units, pictures, labels, and a key.

So, let's say you wanted to collect data for how many inches of rain fell last week. First you need a title; the example graph is titled 'Inches of Rainfall'.

Second, you can see the picture chosen is one of a rain cloud. Use any picture you want!

Next, labels show what data has been collected for - in our example, days of the week.

Lastly, a pictograph needs a key to explain the pictures. In the example graph, each picture stands for one inch of rainfall. However, it could stand for two or five inches. It's your choice!

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