How to Multiply by 6

Instructor: Mary Grace Miller

Mary Grace has taught first grade for 8 years and has a Bachelor's degree in Elementary Education and is licensed in ESL.

It's your birthday! You have invited 6 friends to your party, and you're working on their party bags. You want to give them each 1 whistle, 2 bracelets, 10 pieces of gum, and lots of other favors! The fastest and easiest way to decide how much to buy is to multiply by 6, as you'll learn in this lesson.

What is Multiplication?

Multiplication is a quick way to solve a repeated addition problem. For example, if you need to solve the problem 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 = 18, you could just multiply the 6 groups of 3 to get 18: 6 x 3 = 18. In multiplication, the 'x' mean 'times' or 'multiply'. For example, you'd read 3 x 6 as '3 times 6.'

In a multiplication sentence, the numbers you are multiplying, in this case 3 and 6, are called factors. The number you get when you multiply the factors, 18, is called the product. Multiplication will be really helpful when you make the party favor bags for your birthday. If you want to give each of your 6 friends 3 ring pops, you know that you need to buy 18 ring pops since 6 x 3 = 18. The order of factors doesn't matter; you can change the order and still get the same product.

Multiplying by 6 Using a Times Table

The best way to learn your multiplication facts is to memorize them using a times table. When you use a times table, the numbers on the top row and the left column (the yellow numbers on this chart) are the factors. You just choose your factors using the top row and the left column, and the product is where they meet. In this times table, your 6 facts are highlighted in blue to help you find them. If you want to find 6 x 6, you find the 6 on the top row, the 6 on the left row, and the number where they meet, or 36. That means that 6 x 6 = 36.

Tips and Tricks

If you have already memorized your 3 times tables, try doubling your number and then multiplying it by 3. For example, if you were solving 6 x 5, you could double 5 to make 10, and then multiply 10 x 3 to get 30.

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